policies or work practices used to prevent or control exposure to pathogenic organisms
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which results in a variety of infections and a breakdown of an individual's immune system over time
Transmission of harmful organisms suspended in the air. Droplets can attach themselves to something in the air (dust, etc).
allergic contact dermatitis
Type IV hypersensitivity reaction that follows exposure to allergen. Lesions occur at site of contact.
a severe response to an allergen in which the symptoms develop quickly, and without help, the patient can die within a few minutes.
Washing hands with water & soap or other detergent containing an antiseptic agent
antiseptic hand rub
1. Apply ample amount to palm
2. Rub, covering all surfaces
3. Continue rubbing until dry
an inflammation of the lining or valves of the heart caused by the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream
an item that blocks the penetration of microorganisms from contaminating the object under it
method for testing the sterilization capability of a sterilizer; contains microorganisms that are killed when exposed to a sterilization process. Only method of guaranteed sterility of an item.
Disease spread by direct contact with blood or other possible infectious material (AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis).
Microorganism capable of causing diseases found in blood or components of blood.
Chain of infection
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, means of transmission, portal of entry and susceptible host.
a color change stripe or other mark, often on autoclave tape or bag, used to monitor the process of sterilization; color change indicates that the package has been brought to a specific temperature, but it is not an indicator of sterilization
clinical contact surface
surface touched by contaminated hands, instruments or spatter during dental treatments
anesthesia; also known as moderate sedation; a decreased level of consciousness in which the patient is not completely asleep
amount of time the disinfectant has to be in contact with the contaminant in order to eliminate all pertinent microorganisms.
catagory of instruments that cut or penetrate bone or tissue. substantial risk of acquiring infection if contacted with