Ancient China

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The Chinese Dynasties and the Life and Culture of Ancient China

Autocracy

ruled by one person, an emperor.

civil service

the group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government

leveling

policy in which government uses price controls to balance the economic effects of farm surpluses or shortages

Qin

Dynasty that came to power in China in 221 B.C. under which the first true empire of China was created

Han

dynasty succeeding the Qin ruled from 202 B.C.E. to 220 C.E. they ruled a growing empire.

Cheng

Ruler who found the Qin dynasty.

Great Wall of China

wall built and expanded upon by early rulers of China to protect from invasions.

Liu Bang

helped overthrow Qin dynasty, 1st emperor of the Han dynasty, was born a peasant and worked way up to emperor.

Liu Ch'e

longest ruling Han emperor.

Silk Road

an ancient trade route between China and Europe.

genealogy

family history, a record of your family tree, all the relatives that came before you.

acupuncture

Chinese medical practice of inserting needles into certain areas of the body

Five Classics

Texts used to train scholars and civil servants in ancient China

Yin

the female force that is dark, and passive; part of the Chinese belief of balance in life

Yang

the opposite of "Yin", the male force that is bright, and active; part of the Chinese belief of balance of life.

Confucius

Chinese Philosphere and teacher; his beliefs,known as Confucianism, greatly influenced Chinese life.

Analects

Collection in writing of the ideas and teachings of Confucius.

Laozi

founded philosophy of Daoism

Dao De Jing

Book written by Laozi (Way of Virtue) Big influence on chinese life.

Legalism

the Chinese belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled.

Grand Canal

A canal (waterway) linking northern and southern China

Li Bo

Most famous Chinese poet of the Tang era;

Du Fu

Chinese Poet

Empress Wu

the only woman to rule China in her own name, supported Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty.

Zen

a form of Buddhism that emphasizes meditation

Diamond Sutra

world's first printed book

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