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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. labyrinthitis
  2. hyperopia
  3. retinitis pigmentosis
  4. CN VI
  5. conductive hearing loss
  1. a farsightedness
  2. b group of hereditary degenerative retinal diseases marked by defective night vision followed by a progressive loss of the field of vision; rod and cone photoreceptor degeneration is followed by degenerative changes in retinal neurons and the optic blood vessels and nerve head; no specific therapy available, but guidance and counseling can be provided
  3. c abducens (motor) (lateral eye movement, abduct outer)
  4. d inflammation of the inner ear and affects the cochlear and/or vestibular portion; infection can enter from the meninges, the middle ear, or the bloodstream
  5. e occurs in the outer and middle ear and impairs the sound being conducted from the outer to the inner ear, can be caused by impacted cerumen, foreign bodies, middle ear disease, otosclerosis (fixation of the footplate of the stapes in the oval window) and stenosis of the external auditory canal

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. constrict the eye
  2. curved position to open the back for access to CSF; fetal position is most common (sometimes patients sit up and bend over
  3. meningitis, encephalitis, Reye's, head injuries, epilepsy
  4. may include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, may perform skin test to see if they are truly allergic (if they are give Erythromycin); always give on empty stomach, to decrease GI upset
  5. caused by impairment of function of the inner ear or the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII); can be caused by noise trauma during a long period of time, aging (prebycusis), Meniere's disease and ototoxicity; TB, syphilis, Lyme disease, Diabetes Mellitus, bacterial meningitis

5 True/False questions

  1. when administering ear dropsput client on unaffected side, clean the outer ear, straighten ear canal (Up and back for adults, and older children), Down and back for small children, instill drops, stay on side for 5-10 minutes, may moisten cotton with medication


  2. Intracranial pressurenormal is 0 to 10 mm Hg; abnormal is above 15


  3. CN VIIIoculomotor (motor) (pupil constriction, upper eyelid, extraocular movement)


  4. CN Itrochlear (motor) (downward, inward eye movement)


  5. CN XIvagus (sensory and motor) (pharynx, larynx, parasympathetic)


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