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pages 75-92

Almond and Verba

Conducted a famous cross-national study of political participation

Americanism

A persistent word in our vocabulary that indicates Americans are bound by common values and hopes

Blue States

Refers to states that vote Democrat

Civic Competence

A belief that one can affect government policies

Civic Duty

The feeling that one ought to do one's share in community affairs, irrespective of concrete rewards

Class Consciousness

The awareness of belonging to a particular socioeconomic group whose interests are different from those of others

Congregational

A kind of church in which members control activities, whether erecting a building, hiring a preacher, or managing its finances

Erik Erikson

Psychologist who noted distinct traits of American and European families

Equal Opportunity

The condition in which people, although not guaranteed equal rewards, expect to have comparable chances to compete for those rewards

External Efficacy

The willingness of the state to respond to the citizenry

Individualism

The inclination to believe that one's efforts and rewards in life are to be conducted and enjoyed by oneself, apart from larger social groupings

Internal Efficacy

The ability to understand and take part in politics

Liberty

The condition of being relatively free of governmental restraints

Gunnar Myrdal

Individual who described race relations as "an American dilemma" resulting from a conflict between the "American creed" and "American behavior"

Opposition Party

A political party that opposes the majority party but within the context of the legal rules of the game

Orthodox (social)

People who believe that moral rules are derived from God, are unchanging, and are more important than individual choice

Political Culture

A distinctive and patterned way of thinking about how political life ought to be carried out

Political Efficacy

A belief that you can take part in politics (internal efficacy) or that the government will respond to the citizenry (external efficacy).

Political Ideology

A relatively consistent set of views of the policies government ought to pursue

Political Tolerance

The willingness to allow people with whom one disagrees to have the full protection of the laws when they express their oppinions

Progressive (social)

People who believe that moral rules are derived in part from an individual's beliefs and the circumstances of modern life

Red States

Refers to those states that vote Republican

Un-American

A word used in naming a congressional committee to merge the concepts of acceptance of national values and goodness itself

Max Weber

Individual who explained the rise of capitalism in part by what he called the Protestant ethic

Work Ethic

A set of values that includes working hard, saving one's money, and obeying the law

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