Biology MT Chapter 10 - Mitosis/Meiosis

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17 terms

Mitosis

Prophase, metaphases, anaphase, telaphase

Meiosis

Cell phasea of sex cells

G1

Growing of the cell

S

Duplication (synthesis) of the chromosomes DNA

G2

Preparation for mitosis

Prophase

The nuclear envelopes start to disappear and the centrioles appear to their positions.

Metaphase

Spindles line up the chromosomes and they line up in the middle

Anaphase

Centromeres allow sister chromatids to split and be individual chromosomes. Individual chromosomes move until they are separated into two different groups

Telaphase

Chromosomes spread into dense marial (chromatin) and nuclear envelope redevelope

Cytokinesis

Clevage furrow: animal cells, cell plate: plant cells

Limits of cell growth

...

Controls cell growth

...

Cancer

...

Surface area/volume ratio

...

Chromosomes

...

Somatic cell

Body cell

Gamete

Sex cell

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