American System of Manufacturing
1850's System of manufacturing that used interchangeable parts
New York Stock Exchange
Location in New York city on Wall Street where stocks are bought and sold, stimulated by Railroad Boom
widespread outbreaks of disease
daily newspapers that sold for one cent, newspapers became a mass medium
white actors in black face; mimicked and ridiculed African American culture, became increasingly popular.
Herman Melville and Moby Dick
one of the finest american novels tells of a killing whale
Ralph Waldo Emerson
(1803-1882) United States writer and leading exponent of transcendentalism, against slavery
Hudson River School
Founded by Thomas Cole, the first mative school of American art, landscape painting in the U.S.
Frederick Law Olmsted
landscape architect primarily responsible for the design of Central Park in New York City (1822-1903)
gold or silver used to back money
The period before the Civil War
One who settles on land without permission or right
sudden increase in prosperity due to growth of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services
a skilled craftsperson
an extremely poor person
1842, U.S. showman and circus operator, the famous and unscrupulous showman in New York
was a journalist, critic and women's rights activist, The Dial
the rise of democracy in america due to many changes like changing the standards to vote
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
to removal the rival party from their office position
Second Bank of the United States
1816 A bank Congress charted that had the power to establish a national currency to make large loans to business
1830s, American political party formed to oppose President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats, stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements
explorer of the land in the west, found a gap that a wagon could pass to the west, was attacked by a bear
(1789-1851) first American novelist to gain world fame and to make the New World themes respectable
The spoils system
created by Andrew Jackson, progressive presidents during the Gilded Age sought to reform the corrupt system of appointing government employees rather than electing them
Maysville Road Veto
A veto by Jackson that prevented the Maysville road from being funded by federal money since it only benefited Kentucky. This was a blow to Clay's American System, and it irritated the West
Indian Removal Act
1830 law that forced many Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River
Trail of Tears
1838 The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands, traveled to the Indian Territory
The Nullification Crisis
(1832-33) When South Carolina wanted to secceed from the union because a federal legislation violated state interests, so Jackson sent an armed resistance
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Rebellion in which Nat Turner led a group of slaves through virginia in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow and kill planter families
The Bank War
Jackson was determined to destroy the Bank of the United States because he thought it was too powerful. He felt the Bank was unconstitutional and only benefited the rich.
Panic of 1837
First Depression in American history; Banks lost money, people lost faith in banks, and country lost faith in President Martin van Buren; lasted four years; due to large state debts, expansion of credit by numerous, unfavorable balance of crop failures, and frenzy that was caused by the avalanche of land speculation.
Second Party System
began when Andrew Jackson first ran for the presidency in 1824. The system was built from the bottom up as political participation became a mass phenomenon.
William Lloyd Garrison & Abolition Movement
Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
The Era of Good Feelings
A period of history where the bitter rivalry between the Federalists and Republicans ended. 1816-1824
admitted Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state. No more slavery was to be allowed north of 36' 30 line
he was Free African American who planned a revolt in 1822 but One slave gave out information about the revolt. He and 35 people were executed.
The Corrupt Bargain
it was the deal made by adams and clay it stated that if adams makes Clay Secretary of State, Adams will be guaranteed victory.
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the western hemisphere from outside powers
It was canal that connected New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. It was new way fro trade and transportation
Five Civilized Tribes
they were the indians that were viewed as the most civilized. those were Cherokees, Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles
an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
Began with the improvements in roads and expansion of canal systems that later was the railroad systems
Gibbons v Ogden
Supreme Court decision that ruled that the Constitution gave control of interstate commerce to the U.S. Congress, not the individual states through which a route passed.
he was the inventor of the cotton gin
Waltham and Lowell Textile Mills
the first factories to produce a complete product and it drew in women and men for jobs
he was a free African-American preacher who helped start the Free African Society
African Methodist Episcopal Church
Richard Allen founded this first independent black Protestant run church in 1816 in the US. It supported abolition and founded educational institutions for free blacks
Urged women to enter the teaching profession and also sought to change the school system
Middle-class ideas where women are in charge of running the household and men earning money outside it.
Horizontal and Vertical Allegiances
H-when everyone is equal
V-when there's people someone with more authority then others
Seneca Falls Convention
1848 meeting in NY; Women and some men went to discuss the rights and conditions of women. There, they wrote the Declaration of Sentiments and tried to get women the right to vote.
Dorothea Dix & Penitentiary Reform
Dorothea Dix sought to get people who were mentally ill and try to fix them by separating them from jails
Second Great Awakening
was the second great religious revival in United States history and consisted of renewed personal salvation experienced in revival meetings
Charles G. Finney
urged people to abandon sin and lead good lives in dramatic sermons at religious revivals
Joseph Smith & Mormons
He believed in common property. He believed in polygamy and that God was going to be appear in America he was forced to move to many states
Mother Ann Lee & The Shakers
justified her miscarriages by saying sin is evil after losing many kids. they are known for the shakers the bingeing ceremony.
American Temperance Society
they sought to abolish the selling of alcohol from states to improve human moral
He sought to change the school system to give children a better set knowledge that will do good in a industrial economy.
Angelinea and Sarah Grimke
sisters who published a pamphlet arguing for equal rights of women called "Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women", argued for equal education opportunities.
A Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women was not recognized later she and Stanton called the first women's right convention in New York in 1848
places where people worked to establish a perfect society; such communities were popular during the late 1700s and early to mid-1800s
The American Renaissance
The themes of the writing were universal and the settings and characters American. A literary outpouring characterized by philosophical intensity and moral idealism. work was both distinctively American and an outgrowth of the European romantic movement.
Edgar Allen Poe
United States writer and poet (1809-1849) and is considered part of the American Romantic Movement
United States poet who celebrated the greatness of America (1819-1892), important part for the buildup of American literature and breaking the traditional rhyme method in writing poetry
Henry David Thoreau
(1817-1862) writer and social critic,,American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery
1834, Cyrus McCormick invention allowed farmers to cut more wheat in less time, patented
1830-1860 a philosophy that requires human beings to go beyond reason in their search for truth