to make a better union
to enforce justice
to make sure there is peace
to provide for common defense for people
to give poor people food and money so they can provide for themselves
to secure liberty to people of the nation for a long time
What two houses make up Congress?
House of Representatives and Senate.
What is the function of the Legislative Branch?
make the nation's laws.
How are members of the House elected?
By the people who live in the district represented.
How long is the term of office?
2 years long.
A member of the House...
must be 25 years old
have been a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years
live in the state he/she represents
The number of representatives and votes that a state has in the House depends on...
What plan explains the number of representatives and votes that the House depends on and comes from the Constitutional Convention?
What is the name given to counting people every ten years.
When is the next census?
What is the fewest number of Representatives a state can have?
How many representatives does California have?
Who is the representative, elected July 19, 2011, that represents the South Bay in the House?
What does impeachment mean?
to charge with official misconduct.
What is the title of the chief officer of the House?
Speaker of the House.
Who currently is the Speaker of the House?
John Boehner (big orange boner).
Each state has house many senators in the U.S. Congress, regardless of population?
Equal representative was part of what plane proposed at the Constitutional Convention?
When are senatorial elections held?
Every 2 years.
How many Senators are elected at the senatorial election?
Members of the Senate must...
be at least 30 years old
have been a citizen for at least 9 years
lives in the state that they represent.
Who serves are President of the Senate?
the Vice President of the U.S.
Who currently is the V.P. of the U.S.
Can the V.P. cast a vote, and if so, when?
Yes, to break a tie vote.
What job does the President pro tempore of the Senate perform?
He carries out the duties of the president of the senate in his or her absence.
Who currently is President pro tempore?
When the President is tried, who presides over the trial?
The Chief of Justice of the Supreme Court.
Who currently is Chief of Justice?
Which 2 presidents have been impeached?
Andrew Johnson (17th pres.) and William Jefferson (42nd pres.)
What vote is needed for a conviction in an impeachment hearing?
2/3 vote of the senate.
Who are the two U.S. senators from California?
Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein.
What is a quorum?
Members presented to conduct business.
How many members of the House and the Senate must be present to vote?
218 members of House and 51 members of Senate.
Why is it important that members of the House and the Senate enjoy Congressional immunity?
Allows members of the congress to openly speak their mind without fear of punishment.
All bills to determine taxes and the spending of money must begin in...
The House of Representatives.
When the President refuses to approve a bill, he is said to have what it?
Can a bill still become a law if the President refuses to sign it? If so, how?
2/3 vote in both houses of congress to override presidential veto.
Paragraph 18 states that Congress can "make all laws which shall what for carrying into execution the foregoing powers..."?
be necessary and proper.
This IMPLIED POWER is also known as the what clause?
Necessary and Proper
What is the right of habeas corpus? When can it be suspended? When has it been suspended.
can be suspended in times of crisis. suspended by president. Lincoln during Civil War.
Can Congress grant Mr. Rucker title of "Duke of Hermosa Beach"? Why or why not?
No. Congress cannot grant titles of nobility.
Can California form a treaty of alliance with France?
No, only federal government can create treaties (president with approval of senate)
Can California coin its own money?
No, federal government has power.
Can California tax baseballs coming from Arizona?
No, federal government controls interstate commerce.
Who is the head of the executive branch?
Who is currently the president?
What is the primary job of the Executive Branch?
To execute and pass laws.
What is the term of office for President?
What is the term of office for Vice-President?
What group actually elects the President and Vice-President? How are these people selected?
Selected by political parties at the National Convention.
Can a body-builder born in Austria become President? Why or why not?
No. President must be natural born citizen of U.S. (citizen for at least 14 years)
What is the minimum age to be eligable to serve as President or Vice-President?
35 years old.
Is there a maximum age for being President or Vice-President?
Who takes over if the President dies, resigns, or is unable to discharge the powers and duties of the Presidency?
What is the current salary of the President?
At the inauguration of the President, he/she swears to protect and defend what document?
It is customary to have who administer the oath of office?
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
The President, who is a civilian, is the what of the armed forces?
Commander in Chief.
What is a Pardon?
Excuse from punishment.
What is needed for the President to make a treaty with a foreign country?
A confirmation by a 2/3 vote of Senate.
The President has the power to appoint ambassadors and judges of what?
Federal court system including the supreme court.
Every year the President gives a report to Congress on the condition of the country currently called the what?
State of Union.
What conduct can result in impeachment for the President, Vice-President, and all civil officers of the U.S.?
Treason, Bribery, and High Crimes and Misdemeanors.
What branch of government is created in Article III?
The Judicial Branch.
What is the term of office for federal judges? Why?
For life (or retirement). Keeps judges independent from the will of the people.
What types of cases can federal courts hear?
Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public ministers, and consusls, all cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction.
How many justices sit currently on the United States Supreme Court?
Who is the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?
If a person is charged with a crime, the constitution states you have a right to what?
A jury trial.
Where will a jury trial take place?
in the state the crime was commited.
What is necessary to be convitcted of treason?
The testimony of 2 witnesses, or a confession in open court.
Can the punishment of a traitor be imposed on his relatives or on his descendents?
Judgment made in the courts of one state is enforceable in the courts of any other state. This concept is called what?
Full faith and credit.
Must California extend to citizens of other states the same rights that are enjoyed in California?
Yes, becasue of the equal protection clause of Article IV and the 14th amendement.
A person charges with commiting a crime in California flees to Oregon, only to be caught by the police. What should Oregon do with that accused criminal.
Oregon must extradite or send back the accused person to California for trial.
Who has the power to admit new states to the union?
What type of government must be established by a new state?
Changes to the constitution were proposed by...
2/3 vote of BOTH houses of congress OR 2/3 vote of senate legislatures (has never been used)
Changes to the constituion were ratified by...
3/4 of state legislature OR 3/4 vote of constitutional convention.
the Constitution made the national government the hightest level of gornemnent of the U.S.. If a state law comes into conflict with a federal law or the United States Constitution, what happens?
The law would be stricken down as unconstitutional.
If a state law comes into conflict with a federal law or the Constitution, what happens?
The state law is declared voice. (supremacy clause)
How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution?
Where was the convention held and how many men attended?
55 white men, no women. Philedelphia, Pennsylvania. Independence Hall.
where the DOI was signed.
Who is considered the "Father of the Constitution"? In 1808, to what political office did this man get elected?
Of Virginia. "Father of Constitution" 4th president of the U.S. 1st wartime president.
What did Virginia Plan prove?
BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE. Proportional representation. EXECUTIVE BRANCH chosen by legislature. JUDICIAL BRANCH
Known as "Large States Plan"
What did the New Jersey Plan prove?
UNICAMERAL (one house) LEGISLATURE Equal representation States keep power they had under the AOC. congress could regulate trade. Executive branch- more than one person.
Ner Jersey Plan
Known as "Small States Plan"
What is a compromise? what was the great Compromise and who is credited with its introduction at the convention?
Known as CONNECTICUT COMPROMISE. introduced by Roger Sherman. Three branches- LEGISLATIVE- Bi-Cameral, Senate, Equal representative, House of Representatives EXECUTVE. JUDICIAL
Who introduced the CONNECTICUT COMPROMISE?
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise?
Slaves will count as 3/5th of a person for purposes of taxation and representation.
How did the delegates deal with the issue of slavery?
Agreed to delay dealing with the issue of slavery until 1808.