AP103 Lab Bones

88 terms by keanes 

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Posterior bump, pointing down on vertebra

spinous process

little wings (medial) on vertebra

articulating processes (facets)

big hole in vertebra

vertebral foramen

between the vertebra

intervertebral disc

C1 cervical vertebra (flat no bump)

atlas

C2 cervical vertebra (bump in center)

axis

thinner vertebra

thoracic vertebra

thicker vertebra

lumbar vertebra

5 discs bonded together

sacrum

pointy end of the sacrum

coccyx

top of the sternum

manubrium

middle of the sternum

body

bottom of the sternum

xiphoid process

soft bone between the sternum and the true ribs

costal cartilage

first 7 pairs of ribs

true ribs

middle ribs that share a common cartilage connection to the sternum

false ribs

last two ribs that connect to spine but not the sternum

floating ribs

S shaped bone

clavicle

big projection off of scapula that is superior and points lateral

acromion process

attaches the acromion process to the scapula and points posterior

spine

flat connection on scapula for humerus points laterally

glenoid fossa

small projection off of scapula and points anterior and lateral

coracoid process

big smooth bulge on proximal end of humerus, points medial

head

big bump on proximal end of humerus opposite of head, points lateral

greater tubercle

little bump on proximal end of humerus points anterior

lesser tubercle

big bump on distal end of humerus points lateral

capitulum

middle valley at distal end of humerus

trochlea

large divot on posterior proximal end of humerus

olecranon fossa

small divot on anterior proximal end of humerus

coronoid fossa

proximal flat circular end of radius

head of radius

bump near the end of the head of the radius

radial tuberosity

whole C shape at proximal end of ulna; open end forward

olecranon process

inside of the olecranon process on proximal end of ulna

trochlear notch

carpals (hands)
8,7,6,5
4-3,2,1
Thumb at 1-5

scaphoid
lunate
triquetral
trapezium
trapezoid
capitate
hamate

distal to carpals and proximal to phalanges

metacarpals I - V (thumb #1)

phalanges (3 types)

proximal
middle (not thumb)
distal

pelvic bone

os coxae

superior surface of coxal bone

iliac crest

big elephant ear on coxal bone

ilium

portion of the circle on inferior end of coxal bone that points down

ischium

portion of the circle on inferior end of coxal bone that forms a joint with other half

pubis

seat bone on coxal

Ischial tuberosity

where the two coxal bones joint together anterior

pubis symphysis

where the femur attaches to the coxal bone

acetabulum

hole in the coxal bone

obturator foramen

proximal smooth bulb of femur

head

big bump near head of femur, proximal and lateral

greater trochanter

little bump near head of femur, proximal and posterior

lesser trochanter

bumps near distal end of femur

medial and lateral condyles

kneecap bone

patella

proximal end of tibia

medial and lateral condyles

bump on proximal anterior end of tibia

tibial tuberosity

projection on medial distal end of tibia

medial malleolus

pointy end of fibula

lateral malleolus

tarsals (foot)
-567
3 4
1 2

calcaneus
talus
cuboid
navicular
3 cuneiforms

foot proximal to phalanges distal to tarsals

metatarsals I - V

bump on proximal end of metatarsal V

base of 5th metatarsal

foot phalanges

proximal
middle (not big toe)
distal

forehead

frontal bone

very top of skull

parietal bone

base at posterior of skull

occipital bone

hole in occipital bone

foramen magnum

bumps on either side of foramen magnum

occipital condyles

skull surface around ear hole

temporal bone

bump on temporal bone posterior and inferior to ear hole

mastoid process

ear hole in temporal bone

external auditory canal

gap within mastoid process

mastoid sinus

spike on temporal bone that is anterior and medial to mastoid process

styloid process

bridging between frontal and temporal/parietal bones (temples of interior)

sphenoid bone

gap in sphenoid bone

sphenoid sinus

U shape divot in superior surface of sphenoid bone (on base of skull)

sella turcica

stuck in the middle of sphenoid bone, part of skull

ethmoid bone

projections on side of nasal cavity

middle turbinates

mid-line of nasal cavity

nasal septum

top of nasal cavity

cribriform plate

skull right above nasal cavity

nasal bone

upper jaw

maxilla

where your teeth grow

alveolar process

hole behind nasal cavity in eye socket

lacrimal bone

cheek bone

zygomatic bone

lower jaw

mandible

where lower jaw (on it) attaches to skull

mandibular condyles

posterior third of palate

palatine bone

bone that divides nasal cavity in half

vomer bone

projections inside of nasal cavity lower

inferior turbinates

baby head

fetal skull

joints between all skull bones

sutures

soft spots on baby skull

fontanels

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