History of Rock and Roll Exam Two: '60s Genres; Sgt. Pepper and the Concept Album
|1965 - "The Year of the Album":|| -More mature artists stop recording the bubblegum, dance, pop music.|
--Become more sophisticated
-Time of experimentation and studio work.
--Album sales outsell singles for the first time.
---Wanted people to listen to their work as a unit.
|The Beatles - "Middle Period":||Rubber Soul, 1965|
-Met Bob Dylan, which led to their drug use of weed and LSD.
--Their sound began to change because of Bob Dylan.
--John Lennon, was inspired by Dylan's poetry involved in his songs.
-Rubber Soul, greatly influenced by Bob Dylan
--A lot of experimentation on this record.
--Album cover was different, they didn't put their name on the front of it and only John Lennon was looking at the camera.
-When the record came out it had a great effect on Brian Wilson.
--He was worried about finances, the Beatles had two record labels. The Beach Boys only had one, Capitol.
--Wilson had an emotional and mental breakdown during this period and stopped touring.
-EMI was their producer in Britain and Capitol Records was their record label in the States
|Brian Wilson - Came up with the concept album called "Pet Sounds" in 1966:||-Came up with the concept album called "Pet Sounds" in 1966.|
--No surfing music on this record.
-Capitol record was their label.
--Didn't want to promote it at first.
-Brian would not allow them to release singles, he wanted them to listen to the whole thing. But, the label made them.
-First concept album; Similar story or theme.
-Still "Beach Boys" sound, thoughtful songs and lyrics; Theme was about growing up.
-Unusual instruments, a lot of harmony.
-Was widely praised in the UK, and by Paul McCartney.
--"Pet Sounds" comes out in England at about the same time that The Beatles put an album out.
He thought it was the best thing he ever listened to.
-Influenced their Sargent Pepper album.
|Brian Wilson - "Pet Sounds" Key Singles:||-"Wouldn't it be Nice"|
--Teenager wanting to spend the night with his girlfriend.
--Starts off soft, so they would turn it up and then the music got really loud.
--The soft part was the childhood and the lough part of the drum was the slap in the face of adulthood.
-"God Only Knows"
--First pop sound to have God in the title.; Was banned for this.
--Thought to be his best song.
-"Sloop John B"
--Only song on the record that Brian did not write.
--Fit into the theme.
--Most commercially recognized song on this album.
--About his wife, his childhood sweetheart.
--Comes to see that they are getting old.
|"Here There and Everywhere" by The Beatles:||-Written by The Beatles, imitated the sound of The Beach Boys.|
-Record was called "Revolver"
-"Tomorrow Never Knowns" the experience of the LSD trip he had.
-The two keep trying to top each others album, at this time in 1966 The Beatles stop recording.
--They were working on a new album that they thought would revolutionize music.
|BBC Radiophonic Workshop:|| -Modular approach, "Song Collage"|
-Brian was doing the same thing at this time, influenced by Delia Derbyshire's creations.
-Delia Derbyshire did this for BBC:
--Put together crazy sound effects for a 30 music clip.
--Original theme was all electronic.
|Brian Wilson's Single "Good Vibrations":||-November 1966|
-Forced The Beatles to come out of recording.
-The song was all modular
--Had 5 distinct parts to it, regarded it as a symphony.
--All the musicians and singers on this song was separately recorded and edited to created the final song.
--Recorded in several studios, over 4 months, in 17 sessions.
-Most expensive single produced to date.
--It includes The Beach Boys, experimental recording, and a symphony.
-The Theramin was used in the song.
--Electro-theramin, portable one.
-Comes out around christmas time and completely freaks The Beatles out.
The Beach Boys were on top.
|The Beatles concept album:||-Decided to pull two songs off their album in response to The Beach Boys song.|
-The song was called "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "Penny Lane" in 1967
--John was singing about his childhood.
--Places in Britain.
--This single has two A sides to the record, not a A side and a B side.
--Was an orphanage
-Sargent Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band 1 June 1967:
--This was what The Beatles were up to.
--It was their concept album.
-After the second song it is not so much a concept album.
--The went back to their roots after that.
-Important album, many tried to imitate it.
-It was done with great care, and no one knew when it was coming.
--It was extremely different, and people didn't know what to think of it.
--They went in a new direction.
-All done by hand, have to create a lot of thing to create these records.
-Done on analogue tape.
--Each layer recorded would create a hiss, so they created the dolby noise reduction system.
--Also created ABT, automatic double tracking.
-Hanger was also invented and used by them.
-Made use of a full orchestra
-Create a wall of noise, leading up to the biggest longest cord ever recorded.
-Emotional build up.
--Also engineered in stereo
|The Beatles concept album cover:||-Had them in psychedelic outfits. |
-Include role models.
-Had 9 Beatles on the cover of the record.
--They had the wax copies of themselves, showing the old and the new Beatles.
-A lot of symbolism;Very expensive cover.
-All their heroes but two were included, they could't include Jesus and Hitler.
|Brian Wilson's response to the Beatles Concept Album:||-American concept album|
--"Hero's and Villains" First song on "Smile"
-Lyrics didn't make sense to the other Beach Boys.
-This is the time that Brain Wilson went crazy.
--It as an aborted project.
--The finished songs were put on other albums.
-2005 Brian Wilson said he was going to refinish the album.
--End of this month, Capitol will release "Smile"
-He does not work or perform again until the 1990s because he goes nuts.
|A number of concept album are released by many different groups:|| -The Kinks:|
-The Small Faces
-The Pretty Things
|The Who take the concept album idea and add a new sound to it, creating "Tommy" in 1969:|| -It was promoted as a rock opera.|
-Made into a movie, when it was more of a glam rock song, 1975.
|New Styles/Concepts Emerge:||-Hair, 1969:|
--Put rock on stage, through a stage show.
--Hippie play, performed on Broadway.
--Not opera, just a musical.
-Jesus Christ, Superstar 1970:
--First rock opera.
--Felt that rock and roll could be used to tell emotional stories.
--Followed Jesus Christ, Superstar.
--Opera takes it's lyrics and story lines from different forms of literature.
-Rock opera becomes more accepted in the 1970s.