Assassination of Charles I
English Bill of Rights
Louis XIV's reign
Ad Sacram Sedem
This was the papal bull that Louis XIV allowed to be enforced in France. It banned Jansenism.
Series of laws by Parliament that excluded Roman Catholics and Presbyterians from religious and political life
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
King James Bible
One positive outcome from the meeting between James I and the Puritans at Hampton Court, this english translation of the bible was commissioned by King James
Puritan grievances presented to James I
Law passed by the House of Commons that gave Parliament the right to raise its own army.
Peace of Alais
Truncated the Edict of Nantes by denying Protestants the right to maintain walled cities, separate political organization, and independent law courts.
Peace of Nijmwegen
This ended the hostilities of Louis's invasion of the Netherlands. There were various minor territorial adjustments, but no clear victor except the United Netherlands, which retained all of its territory.
Petition of Right
Document that Charles I was forced to sign. The document stated that no taxation or forced loans could be instated without the consent of Parliament. Also no unreasonable imprisonment and soldiers couldn't live in people's private homes.
Required all officials of the British crown to swear an oath against transubstantiation. Tested the members of Parliament because no loyal Roman Catholics could do that.
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
This was the treaty that ended the War of Austrian Succession by giving the Prussians land, taking land away from Maria Theresa, but still allowing her to rule
Treaty of Dover
Secret alliance in which Charles II of England pledged to convert to Catholicism in exchange for France's support against the Dutch
Treaty of Rastadt
treaty ending war of Spanish Succession. Hapsburgs disappointed because they did not get spanish throne. But gave them old Spanish Netherlands and Milan and Naples.
Battle of Marston Moor
A turning point in the war as favor turned to the Roundheads and Cromwell.
Nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
In this bloodless revolution, the English Parliament and William and Mary agreed to overthrow James II for the sake of Protestantism. This led to a constitutional monarchy and the drafting of the English Bill of Rights.
Parliament convened by Charles I in 1640; lasted on and off for 20 years; passed laws that limited power of monarchy
Nine Years' War
(1689-1697) Louis' attempt to put French royalty on the Spanish throne
Hysteria started by Titus Oates, over the belief that Charles II's wife was plotting to kill him and put his brother, James, an open Catholic, on the throne
The period of Charles II's rule over England, after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell's government
Revocation of Edict of Nantes
Ordered by Louis XIV, it resulted in the destruction of Huguenot churches and the closing of Protestant schools, and pushed the Huguenots out of France.
The Parliament executed Charles I as a public criminal and abolished the monarchy
Parliament called when the king was forced to call parliament because of the Scots' rebellion; was immediately disbanded because they refused to fund the king unless he addressed ther grievances
War of Devolution
1667-1668. Louis XIV. claimed the spanish netherlands as the unpaid dowry of his wife.
War of Spanish Succession
The war that resulted from the heirless death of Charles II; in order to prevent the union of the French and Spanish crowns, the Grand Alliance declared war on France and the French.
Daughter of James II who outlived her children (Last Stuart monarch) meaning that the Hanoverians (the Georges) got the throne after her.
Louis XIV's tutor, defended divine right of King
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which he was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649
King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration (1630-1685)
The weak last Habsburg ruler of Spain who, upon his death, caused the War of Spanish Succession. Left his throne to Louis XIV.
A finance minister under Louis XIV that applied mercantilism to France to help increase revenue
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War. Later, he disbanded Parliament and ruled England as Lord Protector.
Duke of Buckingham
The most influential of King James' advisors; He controlled royal patronage and sold title of nobility.
Duke of Sully
Finance minister of Henri VI. He established government monopolies in mines, salt, and gunpowder
First Hanover king of England; succeeded Queen Anne; spoke no English; ruled England 1714-1727.
Henry of Navarre = 1st Bourbon King. He sought to end the privileges of the French nobility. He also ended french civil wars and enacted the Edict of Nantes.
The first Stuart Monarch who ignored constitutional principles and asserted the divine right of kings.
Brother of Charles II that outraged the people and Parliament by pro-catholic acts and efforts to dominate Parliament. Fled during the Glorious Revolution.
Rose because of intra-Catholic opposition against theology and political influence of the Jesuits.
Charles I's first religious advisor that was very against Puritans and favored religious observance.
King of Belgium. Owned the Congo for a long period of time and got it taken away from him by his own country.
French king who succeeded Henry IV when he was nine years old; his reign was dominated by the influence by his mother and regent Marie de Medici, Cardinal Richelieu, and wealthy nobles.
King of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715)
Spanish Infanta and wife of Louis XIV, daughter of Philip IV; Louis cited her dowry snubbing as reason for invading the Netherlands
Louis XIV's war minister, military technician, and creator of France's well disciplined army
Chief minister and regent to Louis XIV; tried to continue Richelieu's centralizing policies, but his attempts to increase royal revenue led to the civil wars known as the Fronde; He could not control nobility as Richelieu had.
Protestant sect in England hoping to "purify" the Anglican church of Roman Catholic traces in practice and organization.
This French Cardinal served as an advisor to Louis XIII and helped make the French King an absolute monarch
Parliamentary supporters (Puritans)
English political party that supported royalty
War engineer that perfected the art of fortified towns, trench warfare, defensive frontiers
This political party favored Parliament over the crown
William III of Orange and Mary
The Protestants that came to power after James II during the Glorious Revolution and agreed to the English Bill of Rights.
A form of government headed by a ruler, or monarch, with unlimited power.
Forced labor that required peasants to work for a month out of the year on roads and other public projects
A monarchy that is limited by laws and a constitution.
The assembly of representatives from all three of the estates (social classes) in France summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancient regime.
An alliance between the English, Dutch, Austrians, and Prussians against the expansionist wars of Louis XIV.
League of Ausburg
Created in 1682 to resist French expansion into Germany
I am the State
L'eat c'est moi
New Model Army
The disciplined fighting force of Protestants led by Oliver Cromwell in the English civil war.
The lawmaking branch of the British government
Local regional governing bodies to which Louis XIV gave considerable power
Tax levied in England to provide money for ships for national defense
A direct tax on the peasantry and was a major source of royal income
Imposed strict efficiency and administrative centralization of government
Palace constructed by Louis XIV outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility.
A series of civil wars in France by nobles against Louis XIV's and Mazarin's authority; they were unable to overthrow Mazarin.
French Invasion of the Netherlands
Alliance had crumbled; Louis needed to neutralize Holland so he could get land in the Spanish Netherlands. United Netherlands retained all territory; William III of Orange came to pwr. Ended by the Peace of Nijmwegen.