a word that shows action or state of being
A fragment, has no subject, has a main verb (usually an action verb) and one or more helping verbs.
Examples of 5 cent words
fly, sit, walk, talk, make, build
Examples of 10 dollar words
pilot, slump, whisper, construct, fabricate
Verb Phrase Equation:
Helping Verb(s) + Main Verb = Verb Phrase
Example of Verb Phrase:
Justin has been running two miles every morning. (has been running)
Used to connect a noun or adjective to the subject. NOTE: Don't include the adjective after the linking verb as a verb!!!
Examples of Linking Verbs
Susan is happy. (is)
Hurricanes are dangerous over land. (are)
Past, Present, Future
(each has a Perfect and Progressive form)
indicates a COMPLETED ACTION
indicates ongoing action that will be completed at some definite time
Examples of Present Tense:
act, tell, cry, imitate, join
Examples of Past Tense
acted, yelled, cried, imitated, joined
Examples of Present Participle
is acting, is yelling, is crying, is imitating, is joining
Examples of Past Participle
has acted, has yelled, has cried, has imitated, has joined
conveys actions and conditions that are yet to come
Example of Future Tense
People will be sailing to the island later today.
(will be sailing)
Present Perfect Tense
shows an action of condition that began in the past and continues into the present
has or have + past participle (ed)
Example of Present Perfect Tense
Marty has studied math every day this semester.
Past Perfect Tense
shows an action or condition in the past that came before another action or condition in the past
had + past participle (ed)
Example of Past Perfect Tense
Marty had studied her math before Ann called.
Future Perfect Tense
shows an action or condition in the future that will occur before another action or condition in the future.
will + have + past participle (ed)
Example of Future Perfect Tense
Marty will have studied her math before Ann calls her again. (will have studied)
Progressive Form of Verb
shows an action or condition that is in progress.
To make the Progressive form, add the present, past, or future form of the verb "be" to the present participle (ing) of the verb.
am, is, are + present participle (ing)
was, were + present participle (ing)
will be + present participle (ing)
Examples of Irregular Verbs
Present: drink, cost, hurt
Past: drank, cost, hurt
Past Participle (has, have, had): has drunk, has cost, has burt
to rest in a flat position
Ex) The tigers lie at the trainer's feet.
to put or place
Ex) The trainer lays the tiger treats on the tray.
lie: Fido lies down.
lay: Fido lays the toy down.
lay: Fido lay down.
laid: Fido laid the toy down.
lain: Fido has lain down.
laid: Fido has laid the toy down.