Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey during the 700s B.C. Most were based on stories of war between Greece and Troy (Present day Turkey).
Greek slave who wrote fables in 550 B.C. Many were passed down from generation to generation and usually had animals as the characters. A famous work of his was the Tortoise and the Hare.
One of the great tragedians of ancient Greece (496-406 BC)
One of the greatest tragic dramatists of ancient Greece (480-406 BC)
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem to be true. He believed all things in the world could be expressed with numbers. He developed many new ideas about mathematics.
Ancient Athenian philosopher. He was one of Socrates' students who wrote the Republic. The Republic explains his ideas on government.
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.
Greek Historian, considered the father of History. He came from a Greek community in Anatolia and traveled extensively, collecting information in western Asia and the Mediterranean lands.
Greek historian. Considered the greatest historian of antiquity, he wrote a critical history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles.
He rose to the throne in 359 B.C in Macedonia. As a young man, he lived in Greece and admired everything about them. He had an idea of uniting the Greek city-states with his own kingdom to defeat the Persian Empire. He took over the city-states one by one. Some even united willingly. However, before his plan could work, he was murdered.
Alexander the Great
Son of Philip II; He received military training in the Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle. He was a great leader, conquering much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia. He was a brave and even reckless military leader, risking his own life many times in battle. His courage is believed to be linked to his childhood education.
A poet who wrote short poems about the beauty of nature. He wrote "little poems" or idylls dealing with erotic themes, lovers' complaints, and above all, pastoral themes expressing his love of nature and his appreciation of nature's beauty.
He was the first person to present an explicit argument for a heliocentric model of the solar system, placing the Sun, not the Earth, at the center of the known universe (hence he is sometimes known as the "Greek Copernicus").
He's known as the Father of Geometry. His best known book, Elements, describes plane geometry. He's one of the best known Greek mathematicians.