Issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, it declared that all slaves in the rebellious Confederate states would be free on January 1 ,1863.
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
women in Richmond confronted Gov. Letcher about high prices of food.He offered no solution,so they turned into an angry mob.President Davis showed up, the mob dispersed, and the ringleaders were arrested.
Conscription Act in 1863 forced men between 20-45 years old to be eligible for conscription but one could avoid it if they paid 300 or got someone in their place; provoked anger from poor workers
most extreme portion of the Peace Democrats. They openly obstructed the war through attacks against the draft, against Lincoln, and the emancipation. Based in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. There was really no victory for this group.
set the stage for the Civil War.The political system was split four ways,and all of them proved unable to keep the Union together.This brought Lincoln to power without the vote of a single southern state.
freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners.
1st real battle, Confederate victory, spectators gather to watch battle, Gen. Jackson stands as a stone wall and turns tide of battle in favor of Confederates, realization that war is not going to be quick and easy for either side
Northern victory which led to Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation
The most violent battle of the American Civil War,frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.
Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.
most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater,fought September 19-20, 1863 in Georgia
was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta, Georgia, during the summer of 1864, leading to the eventual fall of Atlanta and hastening the end of the American Civil War
March to the Sea
the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign conducted in late 1864 by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army during the American Civil War. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 22.
Lee's place of surrender on April 9,1865, officially ending the war
Was an important coastal defense site in GA; it was the only battle fought in GA during 1862 (Union victory).
Charleston, South Carolina,54th Massachusetts Regiment (Union) led a heavy attack here before having to withdraw
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War, nicknamed "Unconditional Surrender"
William T. Sherman
an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. He served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861-65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy and criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States
Robert E. Lee
Confederate General and skilled strategist. Virginian, West Point graduate, led the Confederacy to many victories.
one of the most well-known Confederate military leaders,earned famous nickname at First Battle of Bull Run
led Pickett's charge on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate hero at Chickamauga
16th President of the United States,Commander-in-chief of Union Army during the Civil War
President of the Confederate States of America
Union General who proposed Anaconda Plan
Unionist, Vice President of the Confederate States of America
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy,specifically referring to the main idea of the Anaconda Plan
Southern who slipped past Northern defenses
warship covered with protective iron plates
King Cotton Diplomacy
the South's political strategy during the Civil War; it depended upon British and French dependency on southern cotton to the extent that those two countries would help the South break the blockade
an enforced enrollment into the military, "draft"
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; Confederate fire on the fort began the Civil War
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
designed to smother the South's economy, this three part strategy lead the Union to victory during the Civil War
location of infamous Camp Sumter, the Confederate POW camp
civilians who sell provisions to an army