Psychology 101 Quiz 2

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Define: Consciousness

different levels of awareness

Define: Continuum of Consciousness

A wide range of consciousness experiences from being very aware (alert) to totally unresponsive

List the Levels of Consciousness

Controlled Process
Automatic Process
Daydreaming
Altered States of Consciousness

Define: Controlled Process

Full awareness, concentration, trying to reach goal

Define: Automatic Process

Requires little attention, does not interfere with other ongoing activities

Define: Daydreaming

low level of awareness, during automatic process
1. requires no effort
2. generally provides pleasure or escape
(FRUED daydreaming is a release, fantasizing/dreaming while awake)

Define: Altered States of Consciousness

Results from any number of procedures to produce awareness that DIFFERS from normal consciousness
EXAMPLE: meditation/hypnosis/sleep deprivation - changes perceptions

Define: Dreaming

Unique state of consciousness
we are asleep
experience a variety of visual, auditory, tactile images
(FRUED everyone does it and it represents waking life)

Define: unconsciousness

A total lack of sensory awareness and no response to environ men
Can be a result from disease, trauma, blows to the head, anesthesia

Define: biological clock

internal timing - genetically set - regulates physiological response

What to do if circadian rhythm upset?

Light therapy or melatonin.
Reason for it to get upset include: jet lag and work schedule (night shift)

Why do we sleep?

Repair and adapt.
Repair - activities during the day deplete factors that need to be restored.
Adaptive - evolved from early humans to protect from night predators and not wast energy.

What happens when we miss sleep?

Affects immune system (makes us sick) b/c we are more (BODY)
vulnerable to bacteria (BODY)
irritable and unhappy (BRAIN)
lack concentration (BRAIN)
possible have hallucinations (BRAIN)

What is the VPN?

A master sleep switch which is a group of cells that secretes a neurotransmitter. VPN off - you wake up VPN on - you go to sleep

What is SAD?

Seasonal Affective Disorder = depressive symptoms showing up in fall/winter (darker) Can cycle with season.

Define: insomnia

A common sleep problem in which it is difficult or staying asleep. Caused by stress, changing sleep patterns, medical problems

Define: sleep apnea

periods during sleep when breathing stops and sometimes you wake up (less than 10 seconds)
- frequent & intense snoring
- happens 100x a night

Define: narcolepsy

RARE chronic disorder - excessive sleepiness in form of sleep attacks - goes into a brief REM SLEEP

Define: night terrors

waking up suddenly in fearful state - wake up with a scream no memory

Define: nightmares

bad dreams - usually about being attacked or something else gives you anxiety (REM SLEEP) and you DO remember what your dreamed

Define: Sleepwalking

NON REM sleep - poor coordination/poor conversation. Do not remember.

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