different levels of awareness
Define: Continuum of Consciousness
A wide range of consciousness experiences from being very aware (alert) to totally unresponsive
List the Levels of Consciousness
Altered States of Consciousness
Define: Controlled Process
Full awareness, concentration, trying to reach goal
Define: Automatic Process
Requires little attention, does not interfere with other ongoing activities
low level of awareness, during automatic process
1. requires no effort
2. generally provides pleasure or escape
(FRUED daydreaming is a release, fantasizing/dreaming while awake)
Define: Altered States of Consciousness
Results from any number of procedures to produce awareness that DIFFERS from normal consciousness
EXAMPLE: meditation/hypnosis/sleep deprivation - changes perceptions
Unique state of consciousness
we are asleep
experience a variety of visual, auditory, tactile images
(FRUED everyone does it and it represents waking life)
A total lack of sensory awareness and no response to environ men
Can be a result from disease, trauma, blows to the head, anesthesia
Define: biological clock
internal timing - genetically set - regulates physiological response
What to do if circadian rhythm upset?
Light therapy or melatonin.
Reason for it to get upset include: jet lag and work schedule (night shift)
Why do we sleep?
Repair and adapt.
Repair - activities during the day deplete factors that need to be restored.
Adaptive - evolved from early humans to protect from night predators and not wast energy.
What happens when we miss sleep?
Affects immune system (makes us sick) b/c we are more (BODY)
vulnerable to bacteria (BODY)
irritable and unhappy (BRAIN)
lack concentration (BRAIN)
possible have hallucinations (BRAIN)
What is the VPN?
A master sleep switch which is a group of cells that secretes a neurotransmitter. VPN off - you wake up VPN on - you go to sleep
What is SAD?
Seasonal Affective Disorder = depressive symptoms showing up in fall/winter (darker) Can cycle with season.
A common sleep problem in which it is difficult or staying asleep. Caused by stress, changing sleep patterns, medical problems
Define: sleep apnea
periods during sleep when breathing stops and sometimes you wake up (less than 10 seconds)
- frequent & intense snoring
- happens 100x a night
RARE chronic disorder - excessive sleepiness in form of sleep attacks - goes into a brief REM SLEEP
Define: night terrors
waking up suddenly in fearful state - wake up with a scream no memory
bad dreams - usually about being attacked or something else gives you anxiety (REM SLEEP) and you DO remember what your dreamed
NON REM sleep - poor coordination/poor conversation. Do not remember.