Chapter 9 Keywords

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22 terms

arch

the curved structure which spans an opening

barrel vault

a semi-circular structure made up of successive arches

buttress

projected support for a external wall

chimera

a monster of Greek invention with a lion's head and body and a serpents tail

cinerary urn

a vase for the ashes of a cremated person, also referred to as "funerary urn"

concave

bulges in

convex

bulges out

divination

the process of interpreting omens

dome

a circular, octagonal, elliptical or polygonal shape which is hemispherical curvature of a roof

effigy

the image of a dead person, usually a monument of remembrance

etruscans

a people who inhabited central Italy, between the Tiber and the Arno rivers during the 6th and 7th century BC. Their origin is unknown but their great mineral wealth contributed to great urban development

fibula

a clasp or safety pin used to fasten a woman's gown

granulation

the fusing of tiny metal balls to a metal surface for decoration

groin vault

the intersection of two barrel vaults

key-stone

the topmost wedge which locked the arch into place

necropolis

a city of the dead

omen

an occurence believed to portend a future event, a foreshadowing of the future

sarcophagus

a large stone coffin usually decorated with sculpture and inscriptions

triumphal arch

freestanding arch commemorating an important event such as a military victory or opening a new road

tumulus

a tomb in the form of a mound

vault

an arched ceiling made of stone, brick or concrete

voussoirs

wedge shaped blocks holding the curve of the arch

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