Biology part 1 U2L5
|Number of electrons carbon has at its highest energy level||four electrons|
|organic molecule||carbon-based molecule|
|inorganic molecule||non-carbon-based molecule|
|hydrocarbon||organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms|
|functional group||group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictable ways with other molecules|
|hydrophilic||attracts water molecules|
|monomer||small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger molecule|
long chains of small molecular units (monomers)
|life's large molecules||Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic acids|
|dehydration reaction||each time a monomer is added to a chain, a water molecule is released|
|hydrolysis reaction||the process of cells breaking down polymers into monomers by adding water to them|
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