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Where did the Indo-Europeans come from?

The steppes

Where did the Hittites occupy?

Anatolia

What was the capital of the Hittite empire?

Hattusas

What war technology are the Hittites known for?

Iron weapons and charriots

Collection of four sacred Aryan literatures

The Vedas

Highest Aryan caste

Brahmins

What occupation were the Brahmins?

Priests and Warriors

2nd Highest Aryan caste

peasants or traders

Third Aryan caste

Shudras

What were the shudras?

non-Aryan laborers or craftspeople

Bottom Aryan caste

Varnas

What was aryan caste systems most distinguished by?

Skin color

Major aryan kingdom

Magadha

Seasonal winds that dominate India's climate

Monsoons

Largest Indian Cities were

Kalibangan, Mohenjo-daro, harappa

Indus Valley civilization is sometimes called the

Harappan Civilization

Harappans had advanced what?

Plumbing and sewage systems

Writings of the mystics

Upanishads

World spirit

Brahman (hinduism)

Individual soul

Atman

Vishnu

The protector

Shiva

The destroyer

Path of right thinking, path of right action, path of religious devotion

Three paths of Maksha

Founder of Buddhism

Siddhartha Guatama

What type of tree was siddhartha enlightened under

bo tree

Buddhism that believes in helping steer others towards moksha

Mahayana Buddhism

Buddhism that does not believe Buddha is divine

Theravada Buddhism

BE KIND VERY SWEET - BKVS
Brahmans
kshatriya
vaisya
sudra

Hindu Caste system

What were Brahmans (hinduism)

priests

Kshatriya

warriors

Vaisya

traders, artisans, farmers, herders

Who never got into the Hindu caste system?

Muslims and Europeans

When monks or anyone goes outside the world of reality; past the world of senses

transcendental

What language are the Vedas written in?

sanskrit

Buddha's word for release from selfishness and pain

Nirvana

Sacred Buddha mounds

stupas

Emperor of Mauryan Empire

Chandragupta Maurya

government handbook during Mauryan empire

Arthasastra

Chandragupta's grandson, ruled by buddhism

Asoka

Emperor of Gupta Empire

Chandra Gupta

What was India's second Empire?

The Gupta Empire

India's first empire

Mauryan empire

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