MODULE 170 UNIT 3

Created by mahalkita 

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45 terms · Pharmacology and Office Emergencies

acr/o

extremity, point

megaly

enlargement, large

adren

adrenal gland

end/o

within

crine

to secrete

nephr/ o renal

kidney

LH

luteinizing hormone

glycol/glycogen gluc/o

sweet, sugar

thyr/o

thyroid, shield

exo

out, away from

acromegaly

enlargement of extremities

addison disease

Results from a deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones

adenoma

tumor of a gland

adrenal glands

endocrine organs that secrete hormones

androgen

hormones that promote the development of male characteristics

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

cushing's disease

Results from hypersecretion of cortisol

diabetes mellitus

the body is unable to produce enough insulin

dwarfism

condition of abnormally small

endocrinologist

physician who specializes in the study of the endocrine system

epinephrine

hormone produced by the adrenal medulla

exophthalmos

protrusion of the eyeball from the socket

exocrine

type of gland that secretes into duct

gestational diabetes

Form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy

gigantism

pathological condition of being abnormally large

goiter

an enlarged thyroid gland

graves disease

the most common cause of hyperthyroidism

hashimotos thyroiditis

an autoimmune inflammation of the thyroid

hormone

chemical substances produced by the endocrine glands

hypothyroidism

thyroid produces inadequate amounts of hormones

hydrocortisone

glucocorticoid ( steroid ) hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus(IDDM)

also known as type 1 diabetes

iodine

trace mineral that aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland

islets of langerhans

are small clusters of cells within the pancreas

lethargic

pertaining to drowsiness; sluggish

lipolysis

destruction of fats

myxedema

the most severe form of hypothyroidism

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(NIDDM)

also known as type 2 diabetes

parathyroid glands

endocrine glands located beside the thyroid gland

pineal glands

pine cone-shape gland ; secretes melatonin and serotonin

pituitary gland

also known as master gland

thymus gland

composed of lymphoid tissue

thyroid gland

gland in the neck that is responsible for metabolism

thyroidectomy

surgical excision of the thyroid gland

steroids

group of chemical substances that includes hormones and certain drugs

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