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Which period of European art and literature most captivated 18th century thinkers?

The Greek and Roman periods (antiquity)

Who views life rationally and strives to "see life as a whole" were approaches taken by?

The Classicists

The music of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert is characterized by:

Singable lyrical melodies

What kind of composers often incorporated folk elements in their music?

Classical

Classical eras were generally composed with what kind of texture?

Homophonic

Two significant historical events that occurred during the Classical era were:

the French and American Revolutions

Louis XV and Frederick the Great ruled as a result of:

Aristocratic norms

When was the Classical era?

1750-1825

The 18th century composer was most likely to find a patron in:

The aristocracy

Who was still working under the aristocracy patronage during the early years?

Classical-era composers

Classical-era compositions are characterized by:

Rhythmic regularity

What is another name for the Classical era?

Age of Reason

The four musical masters of the Viennese school are:

Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert

Classical harmony is best described as:

Diatonic

Buildings like the nation's Capitol and Monticello were patterned after:

Greek and Roman temples

Which concert venues were available to composers of the Classical era?

The royal palace and the concert hall

What musical occupation was least available to women in the Classical era?

Orchestral conductor

Composers of the Classical era fully explored which harmonic system?

Major-minor system

Music making in the Classical era centered upon the:

Court

Two authors associated with the Strum and Drang movement of the 1770s were:

Geothe and Schiller

Composers of the Classical era fully explored which formal structure?

Sonata

The composers Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert all composed in what kind of forms?

Large-scale

What helped shape the modern world during the 18th century?

The Industrial Revolution

The principal author of the Declaration of Independence was

Thomas Jefferson

Who seeks order, reason, and serenity?

Classicists

Who longs for strangeness, wonder, and ecstasy?

Romantics

Classical phrase structure is best described as:

Regular and symmetrical, with clear cadences

The multi-movement cycle of the Classical masters can be found in their:

Symphonies, concertos, and string quartets

The last section of sonata-allegro form that restates the themes is called:

Recapitulation

THe middle section of a typical third movement in a sonata cycle is called:

Trio

Which genre would NOT normally be in multi-movement cycle?

Song cycle

The simplest form of a rondo can be described as:

A-B-A-C-A

The middle section of the third movement in a sonata cycle is highly improvised. T/F

False

The second movement in a sonata cycle is generally in a quick tempo. T/F

Flase

What is an ostinato?

A short, repeated musical pattern

Music with no literary basis is referred to as:

Absolute music

The first movement of a symphony is most likely in ____ form

Sonata-Allegro

A motive is a combination of many themes. T/F

False

The ____ theme in a sonata-allegro movement is typically in a contrasting key

Second

The longest and most dramatic movement of the sonata-allegro form was generally the:

first

The chord at the end of the first movement in a sonata cycle is a ______ chord

Dominant

How many sections is a sonata-allegro form comprised of?

3

Rondo form has a recurring idea, similar to the _________

Baroque ritornello

A short, repeated musical pattern is called an:

Ostinato

The scherzo is characterized by:

Abrupt changes of mood

The expansion of a melodic idea is known as ______

Thematic development

The longest and most dramatic movement of the multi-movement cycle, represented in the symphony, string quartet, concerto and sonata, was generally the:

First

Which is most likely the slow movement in the multi-movement cycle?

Second

Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 opens with a four-note ____.

Motive

Improvisation is important in jazz music. T/F

True

Which dance replaced the minuet and trio in the 19th century symphony?

Scherzo

Which movement of the instrumental cycle is likely to be a dance?

Third

Haydn wrote his Emperor quartet based on a theme composed by the emperor. T/F

False

Mozart wrote a set of string quartets dedicated to who?

Haydn

The _____ movement of a string quartet is often in minuet and trio form

Third

What is the texture of the final variation in Haydn's Op 76, No 3, second movement?

Polyphonic and homophonic

The third movement of Eine kleine Nachtmusik features regular phrases. T/F

True

When were Haydn's Opus 76 quartets written?

Mid-1790s

What is a typical string quartet ensemble?

2 violins, a viola, and a cello

The first movement of Eine kleine Nachtmusik is in what form?

Sonata-allegro

Which composer famously began to write music before the age of 5?

Mozart

The focus of Classical chamber music is soloistic virtuosity. T/F

False

How many string quartets did Haydn write?

68

At the time of Mozart's death, he was working on:

His Requiem Mass

What was Haydn's instrument?

Viola

What is the overall form or the third movement of Eine kleine Nachtmusik?

A-B-A (minuet and trio)

What was the favored chamber ensemble in the Classical era was the _____

String Quartet

Which Classical composer may have influenced Haydn in his stylistic approach to the Opus 76 quartets?

Mozart

The second movement of Op. 76, No. 3 is composed in what form?

Theme and variations form

The first movement of a string quartet is typically in:

Sonata-allegro form

Which composer worked well under the patronage system?

Haydn

Haydn's String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 2 is nicknamed Emperor because:

The theme in the second movement is based on a hymn written for the Austrian emperor

The K. number following each Mozart work refers to:

The name of the man who catalogued his compositions

The divertimento and the serenade were both musical forms of entertainment in the Classical era. T/F

True

The tempo scheme of the movements of Eine Kleine Nachtmusik is best described as:

Fast, slow, moderate, fast

The heart of the Classical orchestra was the:

String section

The classical-era orchestra is typically composed of:

40-50 players

Generally a scherzo is slower paced than a minuet and trio. T/F

False

Which of Beethoven's symphonies sets the famous Ode to Joy poem by Schiller?

No. 9

The composer of the London symphonies was:

Joseph Haydn

Which malady afflicted Beethoven and profoundly affected his work as a composer?

Deafness

From which earlier genre did the symphony evolve?

The Italian opera overture

The various movements of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony are unified by:

Opening motive

What are contributions to the symphony from the Mannheim school of composers?

The use of a "streamroller" crescendo and the use of a "rocket theme"

Percussion are absent from the second movement of Haydn's Symphony's No. 100. T/F

False

Beethoven's Fifth Symphony generally follows the outline of:

The standard multimovement cycle.

Which composer sometimes wrote monothematic sonata-allegro movements?

Haydn

The Fifth Symphony opens and closes in the key of C minor. T/F

False

Theme and variations was a typical form for the second movement of a symphony. T/F

True

How many symphonies did Beethoven write?

9

The Classical symphony typically featured some woodwind and brass instruments along with strings. T/F

True

The movement of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony that makes the most extensive use of variation procedure is:

The second

How many movements are standard in a Classical concerto?

3

When the piano is first heard in the opening concerto movement, it plays the first theme:

In a more decorated version

Mozart wrote many of his piano concertos to showcase his own performance skills. T/F

True

What describes the mood and tempo of the first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453?

Graceful melodies, played allegro

Which tempo scheme is standard for the movements of a concerto?

Fast, slow, fast

The Classical concerto has three movements. T/F

True

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