a government ruled by a caliph
title given to Muslim leaders after Muhammad's death
How did Muslim caliphs come to power?
they were elected
Important names for the first four caliphs
Abu Talib and Abbasid
Important names for the dynastic caliphs
Umayyads and Abbasids
Where did the Umayyads move their capitol to??
Where did the Abbasids move their capitol to??
What became independent??
Who seized control over Egypt???
Who did the external attacks?
Turkish tribes and the Mongols
a family that holds political power through many generations
a written agreement between countries or peoples
who was known as the "blood spiller"??
what falls in 1453??
who were the final conquerers of the Abbasids??
which invasion shattered the caliphate?
a Muslim ruler
Turks who lived in what is now Turkey
became the greatest Islamic state
an Islamic code that collected Gods laws; an Arabic word meaning "the way that leads to God"
What are key elements of Muslim daily life?
prayer and worship
they would stop everything, remove their shoes, wash their hands and feet, bow several times, and face Mecca
a center of worship
a religious leader
a tower where a muezzin would call people to prayer
a prayer caller
where is everyone equal??
in the church/under the Sharia
the Arab four main classes
3. Jews and Christians
who were the "people of the book"?
Jews and Christians
woman were in what kind of position??
an infurior position
lower in rank, quality, or value
a marriage to more than one spouse
a religious school
what were the sources of Islamic law?
the Qur'an, the Sunnah, and scholars judgment
what were the laws of proper conduct??
1. follow the Five Pillars
2. no gambling, stealing, eating pork, or drinking alcohol
3. rules for family issues
4. rules for doing business
what were the rules for prayer??
1. pray five times a day
2. remove shoes, wash hands and feet, and bow several times
3. face Mecca (East)
what did they study??
law, philosophy, mathematics, and religion
where did they study???
at the madrasa