chapter 7

34 terms by melwojcik 

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testis

primary male sex organs

sperm

the mircscopic male germ cell

testosterone

the principle male sex homone

seminiferous tubules

apprx. 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs

epididymis

coiled duct atop each of the testes that provides for storage

vas deferens

duct carring the sperm from the epididymis to the utethra

seminal vesicles

two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens

prostate gland

encircles the upper end of the urethra

scrotum

sac suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis

penis

male organ of urination and copulation

glans penis

enlarged tip on end of the penis

prepuce

fold of skin covering the gl;ans penis in circumcised males

semen

composed of sperm

genitalis

reproductive organs

erectile dysfunction

the inability of the male to attain ot maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse

hydrocele

scrotal swelling caused by collection of fluid

phimosis

a tightness of the prepuce that prevents its retraction over the glans penis

priapism

persistent abnormal erectiopn of the penis accompanie dby pain and tenderness

prostate cancer

cancer of the prostate

testicular carcinoma

cancer of the testicle

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis

varicocele

enlarged veins of the spermatic cord

circumision

surgical removal of the prepuce-forskin

hydrocelectomy

surgical removal of a hydrcele

radical prostatectomy

excision of the prostate gland with its capsule

suprapubic prostatectomy

excision of the prostate glang through an abdminal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder

transsurethral incision of the prostate gland

a surgical proceduce that widens the urethra by making a few small incisions in the bladder neck and the prostate gland

transurethral mirowave themotherapy

a treatment that eliminates excess tissue present benign prostatic hyperplasia by using heat generated by microwave

transurethral resection of the prostate gland

successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are resected by using a restectoscope iinserted through the urethra

transrectal ultrasound

an ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer

proatate-specific antigen

a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood

digital rectal examination

a physical exam in which the physican inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the postate gland through the rectal wall

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

a disease that affects the body's immune system

artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

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