Medical Terminology Book

966 terms by nyyankey33

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Diagnosis?

The identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures.

Prognosis?

The expected outcome of a disease.

What is a sign?

Definitive evidence of an illness or disordered function.

What is a symptom?

Subjective evidence as perceived by the patient (such as pain).

WNL?

Within normal limits.

Dilation?

The condition of being stretched or dilated beyond normal dimensions.

What are diagnostic terms?

Terms are used to describe the signs and symptoms of disease.

-algia, -dynia?

pain

-ectasia, -ectasis?

Dilatation or stretching of a structure of part.

-edema?

Swelling.

-emesis?

To vomit, vomiting.

-malacia?

soft, softening.

-megaly?

Enlargement.

-oid?

Resembling.

-penia?

Defeciency.

-rrhage, -rrhagia?

Excessive bleeding or hemorrhage.

-rrhea?

Flow or discharge.

-rrhexis?

Rupture.

-spasm?

Twitching, cramp

-stasis?

Stopping, controlling

-gram?

A record.

-graph?

Instrument used to record.

-graphy?

Process of recording.

-meter?

Instrument used to measure.

-scope?

Instrument used for viewing.

-scopy?

Visual examination.

Emesis?

Material expelled in vomitting.

Edema?

Presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling.

Malacia?

Softening.

Stasis?

Stopping or controlling.

Electrocardiography?

The process of recording the electrical impulses of the heart.

Opthalmoscope?

The tool used to examine the interior of the eye.

Endoscope?

An illuminated optic instrument for the visualization of the interior of a body cavity or organ.

Catheter?

A hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into a cavity of the body to withdraw or to install fluids.

Cannula?

Latin term also used to mean a hollow flexible tube that is intserted into vessels, ducts, or cavities.

What are the vital signs?

Pulse rate, respiration rate, and body temperature.

What is a pulse?

The rhytmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats; it may be felt with a finger.

What is a normal resting pulse rate?

60-100.

What is the respiration rate?

The number of breaths per minute.

Which temperatures are usually slightly higher than oral temperatures?

Rectal.

What is involved in a PE?

Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation.

What is inspection?

The examiner uses the eye to observe the patient.

What is palpation?

The examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts with the hands.

What is percussion?

The examiner taps the body with fingertips or first to evaluate the size, borders, and consistency of internal organs and to determine the amount of fluid in the body cavity.

What is ausculation?

The examiner listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines or other organs or to detect the fetal heart sound in pregnant women. Performed with a stethoscope.

What is ambulation?

The act of walking.

When someone is ambulant, what does that mean?

That they are able to walk.

Ech(o), son(o)?

Sound.

Electr(o)?

Electricity.

Flur(o)?

Emitting or reflecting light.

Radi(o)?

Radiant energy.

Tom(o)?

To cut.

Ultra-?

Excessive.

What is CT?

Computed axial tomography.

What is MRI?

Magnetic resonance imaging. Images based on the magnetic properties of chemical elements within the body, rather than ionizing radiation such as X-rays.

What is flouroscopy?

A method of viewing x-ray images in real time so that motion can be seen, and radiography provides a permanent record of the image at a particular point in time.

What are radiopharmaceuticals?

Medicine that is administered to a patient orally, into the vein, or by having the patient breathe the material in vapor form.

What is PET?

Positron emission tomography.

Algesi(o)?

Sensitivity to pain.

Chem(o)?

Chemical.

Cry(o)?

Cold.

Esthesi(o)?

Feeling or sensation.

Narc(o)?

Stupor.

Pharmac(o), pharmaceut(i)?

Drugs or medicine.

Therm(o)?

Heat.

Therapeut(o)?

Treatment.

-therapy?

Treatment.

What does therapeutic radiology do?

It uses radiation to treat cancer.

What is chemotherapy?

Treatment of disease by chemical agents.

What are antineoplastics?

Medications used to treat malignant neoplasms.

a.c.?

Before meals.

ad lib.?

Freely as needed, at pleasure.

aq.?

Water.

b.i.d.?

Twice a day.

NPO?

Nothing by mouth.

p.r.n.?

As the occasion arises, as needed.

q.i.d.?

Four times a day.

stat?

Immediately.

t.i.d.?

Three times a day.

What does anesthesia mean?

Loss of the ability to feel pain.

What is local anesthesia?

Anesthesia delivered to one part of the body.

What is regional anesthesia?

Anesthesia delivered to a certain region of the body.

What is general anesthesia?

A state of unconsciousness with absence of sensation over the entire body.

What are neuromuscular drugs?

Drugs that are used as blocking agents to stop muscle contractions during surgery.

What is an analgesic?

A drug that relieves pain.

What is a narcotic?

A substance that produces insensibility or stupor. These alter perception of pain, induce a feeling or euphoria, and may induce sleep. Narcotics depress respiration.

-centesis?

Surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid.

-ectomy?

Excision (surgical removal or cutting out.)

-lysis?

Process of loosening, freeing, or destroying.

-pexy?

Surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position).

-plasty?

Surgical repair.

-rrhaphy?

Suture.

-scope?

instrument used for viewing.

-scopy?

Visual examination.

-stomy?

Formation of an opening.

-tome?

Instrument used for cutting.

-tomy?

Incision (cutting into tissue).

-tripsy?

Surgical crushing.

What is neuroectomy?

Partial or total excision of a nerve.

What are adhesions?

Fibrous structures form when two structures abnormally attach to each other.

What is incision?

Cutting into.

What is excision?

Cutting out or removal.

What is the act of suturing?

To stitch together cut or torn edges of tissue with silk, catgut, or synthetic material (only catgut is naturally broken down by enzymes in the body).

What does approximate mean?

To bring close together by suture or other means.

What is a stoma?

A small opening, either natural or artificially created.

aden(o)?

Gland.

Angi(o)?

Vessel.

Append(o), appendic(o)?

Appendix.

Blephar(o)?

Eyelid.

Cerebr(o), encephal(o)?

Brain, sometimes cerebrum (main portion of the brain).

Chir(o)?

Hand.

Col(o), colon(o)?

Colon (or large intestine).

Cutane(o), derm(a), dermat(o)?

Skin.

Mamm(o), mast(o)?

Breast.

Nephr(o), ren(o)?

Kidney.

Oste(o)?

Bone.

Steth(o)?

Thorax.

Tonsill(o)?

Tonsil.

Trache(o)?

Trachea (windpipe).

Vas(o)?

Vessel; ductus deferens (vas deferens).

OD?

Overdose, right eye (oculus dexter).

OTC?

Over the counter (drug that can be obtained without a prescription).

aden(o)

gland

adren(o)

adrenal gland

adrenal(o)

adrenal gland

cortic(o)

cortex

gonad(o)

gonad

mamm(o)

breast

mast(o)

breast

pancreat(o)

pancreas

parathyroid(o)

parathyroid gland

pituitar(o)

pituitary glands

hypophys(o)

pituitary glands

thyr(o)

thyroid gland

thyroid(o)

thyroid gland

andr(o)

male or masculine

calc(i)

calcium

gigant(o)

large

gluc(o)

glucose

glyc(o)

sugar

glycos(o)

sugar

insulin(o)

insulin

iod(o)

iodine

ket(o)

ketone

lact(o)

milk

trop(o)

to stimulate

-crine

secrete

-dipsia

thirst

-physis

growth

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