The proper authority for governing and enforcing laws at the local, municipal, state, or national level.
A rule of conduct imposed by civil authority; the body of such rules binding on members under control of the authority, whether formal enactment or custom.
The total of social conditions that will allow both individuals and groups to reach their human and spiritual fulfillment more easily.
Laws explicitly communicated by God, such as the Ten Commandments or the preaching of Jesus.
ECCLESIASTICAL POSITIVE LAW
The laws that direct and regulate the life and worship of the Church.
EQUALITY OF PROPORTION
Principle that the burden of law must be shared by all.
The Church's own governing bodies, such as a diocese, national bishops' conferences, or the Holy See.
God's wisdom as a directive for all acts and movements.
Law promulgated by human authority, either civil or ecclesiastical. In order to be legitimate, human law must be consistent with laws of God, conform to the natural law, and promote the good of society.
An ordinance of reason that exists for the common good, having been made by legitimate authority and legislated through an appropriate and recognized process.
LAW OF GRACE
The New Law ushered in by Christ.
LAWS OF NATURE
Descriptions of the behavior of the material universe.
A recognized and official authority in civil or ecclesiastical law.
Laws created by the proper authority that enjoin specific obligations upon individuals and bind in conscience insofar as they conform to the dictates of the divine and natural laws.
A human law that contradicts or otherwise fails to conform to divine and natural. Such a law is never binding on a person's conscience and must be opposed.