Riley and Nadjibe

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28 terms

direct democracy

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives

dictatorship

form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority

monarchy

A government ruled by a king or queen

aristocrat

a member of a rich and powerful family

city-state

A city with its own traditions and its own government and laws; both a city and a separate independent state

agora

a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place

republic

a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives

aqueducts

structures that carried water over long distances

provinces

government districts similar to states

schism

a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions

oligarchy

a political system governed by a few people

socrates

Greek philosopher; socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth

Aristotle

one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers

code of Justinian

Collection of laws and legal intepretaions developed under the emperor.

veto

"I forbid"

patrician

In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class

consul

one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic

romulus and remus

Legendary founders of Rome

Augustus

First emperor of Rome

Alexander the Great

king of Mcedonia who conquered Geece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; his conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of 3 continents

Julius Caesar

Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power.

Hippocrates

father of medicine.

Sparta

Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts

Constantine

Roman Emperor (4th century A.D.) who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity

Byzantine Empire

The eastern Roman empire

Constantinople

capital of the Byzantine Empire

Athens

Powerful city in Ancient Greece that was a leader in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture.

Greek Fire

Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople.

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