A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
A government ruled by a king or queen
a member of a rich and powerful family
A city with its own traditions and its own government and laws; both a city and a separate independent state
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
structures that carried water over long distances
government districts similar to states
a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions
a political system governed by a few people
Greek philosopher; socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
code of Justinian
Collection of laws and legal intepretaions developed under the emperor.
In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class
one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic
romulus and remus
Legendary founders of Rome
First emperor of Rome
Alexander the Great
king of Mcedonia who conquered Geece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; his conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of 3 continents
Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power.
father of medicine.
Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
Roman Emperor (4th century A.D.) who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity
The eastern Roman empire
capital of the Byzantine Empire
Powerful city in Ancient Greece that was a leader in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture.
Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople.