Ancient Greece Vocabulary

17 terms by mattaa 

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city-state

a central city and its surrounding villages

peninsula

land that is surrounded by water on three sides

colony

a territory or community that is under control of another country

trireme

fast ships used by Greeks in battles

polis

the central city of a city-state

oligarchy

a form of government in which a few powerful individuals rule

democracy

a form of government in which citizens vote to make decisions; "rule by the people"

monarchy

a form of government where a king or queen rules; government by "one"

Alexander the Great

king of Macedonia whose conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of the world

comedy

a play in which the story and characters are humorous

philosophy

a person who studies and thinks about why the world is the way it is

myth

a traditional story attempting to explain some belief or occurrence

Plato

Greek philosopher and student of Socrates

Socrates

Greek philosopher who sentenced to death for urging young people to revolt

Parthenon

a large temple built on the Acropolis in Athens and dedicated to the goddess Athena

tragedy

a serious play that has an unhappy ending

Aristotle

Greek philosopher and private teacher of Alexander the Great

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