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Suppose that people who watch a lot of violence on TV are also particularly likely to behave aggressively. This relationship would NOT necessarily indicate that watching violence influences aggressive behavior because

association does not prove causation.

Efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their biology or by their home environments are most directly relevant to the debate regarding

nature and nurture.

The case study is a research method in which

a single individual is studied in great depth.

The specialist most likely to have a medical degree is a

psychiatrist.

A synapse is a(n)

junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron.

By forming thousands of new neurons each day, monkey brains illustrate

neurogenesis.

Reuptake refers to the

reabsorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron.

The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)

myelin sheath.

Which of the following strategies best illustrates the use of subliminal stimulation?

A store plays a musical soundtrack in which a faint and imperceptible verbal warning against shoplifting is repeated frequently.

Which of the following disorders is characterized by the temporary cessations of breathing while asleep?

sleep apnea

Which of the following is a common symptom of nicotine withdrawal?

anxiety

When given a placebo that is said to relieve pain, we are likely to be soothed by the brain's release of

endorphins.

Touching side-by-side cold and pressure spots triggers a sense of

wetness.

The sense of touch includes the four basic sensations of

pressure, pain, warmth, cold

After his last drinking spree, Fakim hid a half-empty liquor bottle. He couldn't remember where he hid it until he started drinking again. Fakim's pattern of recall best illustrates

state-dependent memory.

Automatic processing occurs without

conscious awareness.

According to the text, learning involves

a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience.

Which of the following is an unconditioned response?

sweating in hot weather

An event that increases the frequency of the behavior that it follows is a(n)

reinforcer.

Pets who learn that the sound of an electric can opener signals the arrival of their food illustrate

classical conditioning.

A stress-moderating hormone released by cuddling and associated with pair-bonding is known as

oxytocin.

The term catharsis refers to emotional

release.

Preferred method of child rearing

reinforcement

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