Meaning Old Regime, this has come to mean to life and institutions of pre-revolutionary Europe
An income tax in France that the nobles technically had to pay, but few payed it in full
In France, forced labor on public works
Nobility's reaction when the expanding power of monarchs seemed to threaten their social position or privileges
Service that serfs were required to pay to lords in the Hapsburg's lands
The economic structure of a household. This prevailed over Europe for centuries.
Took place after the Industrial Revolution, when the suply and demand of factory goods soared
The sustained economic growth brought on by the industrialization of Europe in the 18th century
The change from small family owned farms to large scale agriculture, brought on by innovations in farming
The fencing of common land by landlords in England to use every piece of possible farming land and increase profits. This greatly upset peasants.
The title that the oldest boys in British noble families inherited, which came with the ability to sit in the House of Lords
Federal dues that French peasants had to pay