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Skin Analysis: Cheeks

-dehydration and amt of elasticity: gently press cheek
-eval. pore size, breakouts, and clogging on inner cheek: skin type
-dilated capillaries and redness: sensitivity or rosacea
-sunspots, freckles, uneven skin tone: premature aging

Masks

designed to provide skin w neccessary and desired benefits.

Dry Skin

-lacks adequate sebum production
-heightened sensitivity
-prone to fine lines/wrinkles
-small pores
-appears thin and delicate

Modeling Mask

delivers beneficiak ingredients

Skin Analysis: Chin

look for excess sebum and clogged pores/congestion

4 steps of daily care

1. Cleansing
2. Toning
3. Moisturizing
4. Protecting

Gel Mask

Calms and soothes

Contraindications for Massage

-skin conditions like redness, swelling, pus, bruising and/or broken or scraped skin
-high blood pressure
-heart condition
-previous stroke

Combination Skin

- displays both dry AND oily areas
-most common skin type
-possible larger pores in T-zone

Massage

systematic, theraputic method of manipulsting the face/body bh kneading, pinching, rubbing, tappung, or stoking w hands, fingers, or other instruments.

Crème Masks (purpose, content and type)

purpose: provide rich nutrients to skin lacking sufficient sebum
content: rich in moisturizers, humectants, and other nutrient-rich ingredients, such as vitamins.
type: Dry skin

chemical exfoliant

removes dead skin cells by using enzymes or alpha hydroxy acids

Skin Analysis: Eyes

-puffiness and dark shadows: poor circulation
-fine lines/wrinkles: premature aging
-clogged pores and milia

high frequency

creates thermal current (heat producing) and is germicidal

Effleurage

-basic movement of massage
-often begins and ends massages
-light, relaxing, smooth, gentle, stroking or circular movement
-soothes muscles and relaxes the sensory nerve endings at surface of skin

Petrissage

-light/heavy kneading, pinching, and rolling of the muscles
- deeply stimulates the muscles, nerves, and skin glands which increases blood and lymph circulation.
-most important of movements

Crème Mask

hydrates and moisturizes

UVA/UVB Blockers

block the suns rays by reflecting them off the surface of the skin. examples: titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

Skin Analysis: Forehead

-pore size and breakouts: skin types
-wrinkles, freckles, and sunspots: premature aging and sun damage

5 General Categories of Skin Types

1. Normal
2. Dry
3. Oily
4. Combination
5. Mature/Aging

5 Basic Movement of Massage

1. Effleurage
2. Petrissage
3. Tapotement
4. Friction
5. Vibration

Couperous

-skin condtition
-fine dialated capillaries
-frequently on cheeks and nose
-often cuased by harsh skin products, extreme temperatures, or trauma to skin

Wood's Lamp

-allows analysis of akin surface and layers to aid in determining treatment
-different colors indicate different conditions

Cleansing Crème

removes impurities from skin

Paraffin Mask

Increases circulation; promotes product penetrstion

Skin Analysis: Nose

-excess sebum and clogging on inner sides and tip
-dilsted capillaries on inner corners

vibration

-basic massage movement
- shaking movement performed by shaking arms quickly as fingers/palms touch client

manual exfoliant

granule product the removes dead skin cells by manipulating the skin's surface: facial scrub

Facial Steamer

-mist expands pores for cleansing
-softens dead skin cells for easier removal
-increases blood circulation (makes blood vessels expand)
improves cell metabolism

% of cell renewal during sleep

skin cells renew 30% faster than when awake.

Toner

assists in cleansing and brings normal-dry skin back to normal pH

Friction

-circular or wringing movements with no glide
-pefformed with fingertips or palm
-moves skin across muscle or bone beneath it
- 2 types: chucking and wringing
- stimulates and warms muscles, increases circulstion, and promotes sebacious gland activity

Tapotment

a.k.a. Percussion
-basic movement of massage
- light tapping or slapping movement applied with fingertips or partly flexed fingers
- increases blood circulation, stimulates nerves, and primotes muscle contraction
-most stimulating (not for "relaxing" massage)
-used for shortest period of time
- also assists skin in releasing CO2 and waste material
-not good for sensitive or certain skin conditions (acne, rosacea, etc.)

Clay/Mud Mask

absorbs excess oil; tightens and refines pores; prevents clogging

Moisturizer

hydrates and protects the skin

SPF

a.k.a. Sun Protection Factor
protects the skin from UVA & UVB rays projected from the sun.
SPF# represents the time that an individual can be exposed to the sun before skin starts to burn. Ex: SPF 15 means one can stay in the sun 15 times longer than with out sunscreen.

Jacquet Movements

- created by Dr. Jacquet: French Dermatologist
- for oily and acneic skin conditions
- gentle kneading and twist pinching movements
-meant to force excess sebum from pores
- best used on jawline and base of chin

2 major benefits of massage

increased circulation and renewed flexibility

Astringent

assists in cleansing akin and returns oily-normal skin back to pH

Skin Analysis: Entire Face

-age spots, sun spots, freckles, and moles: document color, shape, border eveness, and size. keep track for future reference
-T-Zone commonly overly sebaceous and/or clogged: , forehead, nose and chin

chemical exfoliant

consists of enzymes, alpha hydroxy acid, as well as other natural ingredients to cause chemical rxn that removes dead skin cells.

Galvanic Current

low-level direct current that forces water-soluble prodect deep into epidermis

Oily Skin

-excess sebum production
-thick and shiny
-larger pore size
prone to breakouts and clogged areas
-less likely to display fine lines/wrinkles

Dehydration

-skin condition
-lack of moisture
-superficial dryness, flakiness, and lines
-oily skin CAN be dehydrated
-generally caused by improper product use and enviromental influences

Massage crème/oil

reduces friction and provides slip during massage

Multi-F(x) Machine

4 or more electrical treatment options: steamer, vacuum or suction option, toner spray, and rotating brush
-optional/additionsl attachments may include Galvanic Current, High Frequency, infrared or Wood's Lamp

Skin Analysis: Mouth

-note hyperpigmentation: primarily upper lip
-wrinkes and fine lines on corners: natural aging
-wrinkles and fine lines around mouth: premature againg (smoking)

Gel Masks (content, purpose and type)

purpose: many purposes! generally used for "cool gel feel", but has many types and purooses. can have antibacterial and gel consistency prevents clogging and greasy feel.
content: always gel-like substance, but can have many dofferent ingredients: botanicals, antibacterial, ingredients meant to calm and soothe skin.
type: ALL skin types

Modeling Masks (purpose, content and type)

purpose: deliversntonskin benefits from mask nutrients, as well as seal skin, locking in moisture and creating firm, taut feel.
content: collagen, elastin, lactic acid, and other beneficial additives
type: ALL skin tyoes deoending on mask ingredients.

Cleansing

1st step in facial car regimen. specifically designed to remove dirt, oil, makeup, and enviromental pollutanys from surface of skin.

Paraffin masks (purpose, content, and type)

purpose: warmth ofnwax increases circulation and promotes penetrition of nutrients or ingredients applied underneath it. No medicinal purpose on its own!
content: paraffin wax
type: dry, mature skin types

Acne

-skin condition
-caused by overactive sebacieus glands
-blackheads, whiteheads, papules, and pustules
-internal changes in body expressed on skin (hormones)

7 Benefits of Massage:

1.increased circulation of blood supply to skin
2. tighter, firmer muscles
3. stimulation of glandular activities of skin
4. stronger muscle tissue
5. relief from pain
6. softer, improved texture and complexion of skin
7. releif of emotional stress and body tension

Antiseptic

Assists in preventing growth of bacteria on skin

Moisturizer

used to replenish and balance moisture and oil as well as protect the skin

Normal Skin

-sufficient moisture and sebum production
-few breakouts or clogged areas
-small pores that may be medium sized throught T-zone area

% of wrinkles caused by sun damage

90% (10% by natural aging process)

Toner

a.k.a. Tonics or Skin Refiners
helps to further cleanse skin while returning it to its proper pH.

Clay/Mud Masks (purpose, content and type)

Content: rich in minerals, clay, ans mud from earth
Purpose: to absorb excess oil, tighten and refine pores, and aid in proventing clogging.
Type: oily, acneic types (not dry)

Manipulation

term given to name actual action or movement performed during massage treatment.

Exfoliant

-to be used once/twice a week to remove superficial dead cells
-allows for deeper cleansing of pores, increases moisture retention and circulation, and smooths the skin.
- 2 types: manual & chemical

Rosacea

- skin condition
- vascular disorder
- flushed redness, dilated capillaries, and sm red bumps
-ages 30-40
-aggravating factors: alcohol, stress, spicy foods, amd extreme temps

UVA/UVB absorbers

ingredients that absorb the skin's rays and deflect them throught out the layers of skin. example: methoxycinnamate.

Mature Aging

-loose, thin, crepe-like skin
-apparent fine lines and wrinkles
-lacks elasticity and firmness
-natural aging--> increased dryness
- sun/enviroment exposure--> premature aging

Contraindications: With Equipment

heart condition, pacemaker, pregnancy, joint replacement, prosthetic, metal plates, or pins, epilepsy, and/or diabetes.

Contraindications: WithOut Equipment

skin conditions with redness, swelling, pus, open lesions and/or active old sores, or any contagious disease.

Saponification

the liquification of sebum with highly alkaline solution (used for desincrustation).

Facial w/ Multi-F(x) Machine

-4-8 attachments
-rotating brush (exfoliant), steamer, vacuum (before/after extractions), and toner.

Facial w/ Galvanic/Desincrustation

-utilized in conjunction with alkaline solution to force solution deep into skin==> Saponification

Facial w/ Galvanic/Iontophoresis Procedure

--utilizes Galvanic Current to penetrate nourishing, hydrating, and firming ingredients deep into the skin.

Facial w/ Indirect High Frequency

Indirect High Frequency Current is used during the massage steps to amplify effects of manipulations for relaxation or stimulation.

Facial w/ Direct High Frequency

-treatment delivers antibacterial and drying benefits to the skin.

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