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All terms unit 1-6

cell

the basic unit of life

chromosome

a strand ofgenetic material that contains genetic code

crossbreeding

the breeding of two different pure breeds

gene

a unit of inheritance composed of DNA

genetics

the study of heredity

genotype

genetic makeup of an animal

heredity

the passing of traits from parents to offspring

phenotype

the outward expression of a gene

purebred breeding

the breeding of animals within the same breed

reproduction

the process by which new organisms are derived normally involving the union of the male and female sex cells

agricultural animal—

species of animals produced on farms and ranches for useful products

Career Development Event (CDE)—

an activity sponsored by the FFA offering members opportunity to display competencies gained in agriculture education classes

cattle—

male or female Bovine raised for the production of beef and/or milk

swine—

animal of the family Suidae raised for the production of pork

sheep—

Ovine animals raised for the production of meat and fiber

poultry—

any species of fowl that is raised for the production of meat, eggs, and/or other products, including chickens, ducks, turkeys, and other species

goat—

any ruminant of the genus Capra that is produced for milk, meat, fiber, or other use

equine—

animals of the genus Equus raised for work, recreational, or other uses

anemia

a deficiency of hemoglobin, iron, or red blood cells often due to nutrition

balanced ration

a daily allowance of livestock feed mixed to contain suitable nutrients to promote normal development, maintenance, lactation, or gestation

bloat

a severe distension of the abdomen by gas; two types: dry and frothy

carbohydrates

any certain organic chemical compounds of C, H, and O which include sugar and starches

concentrate

feed that is high in energy and low in fiber

fats

the oily or greasy substances found in certain plants

feed

a source or product containing nutrients that support animal life and productivity

feedstuff

a feed ingredient

milk fever

paralysis due to an imbalance of blood calcium, sugars, or magnesium

mineral

a chemical compound or element of inorganic origin

nutrition

the process by which an animal ingests and uses nutrients in food materials

protein

any of a large number of complex organic compounds of amino acids that is an essential part of all living things

ration

the food an animal consumes in a 24-hour period

total digestible nutrient

all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used

vitamin

an organic substance that performs specific and necessary functions in relatively small concentrates in an organism

vitamin deficency

a disease caused by the lack of one or more vitamins in the diet

water

the most valuable natural resource

animal-related injury

an injury to humans caused by an animal

Occupational safety

promoting safety in the work place

personal safety

promoting the protection of individuals from injury

zoonotic

a disease communicable from animals to humans under natural conditions; also know as zoonosis

Compost

decomposing manure used as a soil additive

fence

a structure for confining animals or protecting property

lagoon

a body of water established for anaerobic decomposition of organic waste

silo

a pit, trench, aboveground horizontal structure, or vertical cylinder structure of relatively airtight construction into which green crops, such as corn, grass, legumes, or small grain and other feeds, are placed and converted into silage for later use

nutient managment plan

a plan that establishes the quantities of animal manure and other wastes that may be applied to land based on the nutrient contents of the wastes

squeeze chute

a device for safely securing a large animal for administration of a health or management practice

ventilation

to provide fresh circulating air

animal identification

attaching or altering an animal so that its identity is known; methods include tags, tattoos, brands, DNA, and notching

castration

removing the testicles of a male to prevent unwanted breeding and promote desired growth

debeaking

removing the tip of the beak of a baby chick to deter unwanted pecking and cannibalism

dehorning

removing the horns or horn-developing tissue of an animal

hormone implant

a small pellet of hormone substance placed under the skin of an animal

producer quality assurance

a program that guides animal producers in selecting management practices to produce a quality animal product in which its well-being is
considered

sheering

removing the hair or wool from an animal

tail docking

removing the tail from an animal

vaccination

administering a vaccine

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