literary terms for middle school

28 terms by marciekerr

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plot

What happens in a story.

onomatopoeia

words that describe what they sound like.

conflict (external and internal)

An external conflict is against opposing forces or characters, and internal happens in the mind.

foreshadowing

The use of clues to suggest events that will happen later in the story.

simile

Comparing one unlike thing to another to describe it.

suspense

The anxiety that we feel about what will happen next in a story.

personification

Giving something human-like features.

irony

Contrast between what is expected and what actually happens.

rhyme

The accented vowel sounds of all sounds following them are separated.

theme

The idea about life revealed in a work of literature.

protagonist

The hero or usually main character of the story.

antagonist

The villain of the story.

end rhyme

The rhyme that occurs at the end of the rhyme.

rhyme scheme

Patterns of rhymes in a poem.

description

The kinds of writing that creates a clear image of something, usually by using details that appeal to one or more of our senses.

essay

A short piece of writing usually told by the author.

metaphor

Like a simile, though it doesn't use like or as.

setting

The time and place where the story happens.

figure of speech

A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else that's different from it.

novella

A piece of writing that has more depth then a short story, but is smaller than a novel.

short story

A small piece of writing that has little depth.

point of view

When a character sees something from their perspective.

dialogue

Speech between characters.

mood

The character's attitude and emotions.

tone

The character's outlook on events.

flashback

The sudden moment when memories come back to a character.

allusion

A figure of speech that refers to a well-known object or thing.

hyperbole

A great exaggeration.

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