5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- John L. Sullivan
- Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
- Rio Grande
- Martin Van Buren
- a Hand-picked successor to Andrew Jackson - 8th President (1 Term) PARTY - Democrat; known as the "Little Magician"
- b He coined the term "manifest destiny" in an 1845 article about the annexation of Texas.
- c (940,000) - left b/c of political persecutions, fewer opportunities; most settled in the Midwest b/c they typically had more money.
- d The U.S. insisted this river was the southern border of the U.S. in 1846.
- e (1848) Treaty that ended the Mexican-American War. In it: Mexico gave up claims to Texas above the Rio Grande River; Mexico gave the U. S. California and New Mexico; and the U.S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and agreed to pay the claims of American citizens against Mexico (over $3,500,000). RESULT: - Debate over slavery opened up b/c we got new territory!
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 9th President (1 Term - only part, he died in office!); PARTY - Whigs
- He became a hero at both the Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794 and the Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811 (as Governor of Indiana territory, he fought and defeated Tecumseh's brother, becoming a hero and leading Tecumseh to side with the British during the War of 1812)!
- An aggressive slogan adopted in the Oregon boundary dispute, a dispute over where the border between Canada and Oregon should be drawn. This was also Polk's slogan - the Democrats wanted the U.S. border drawn at the 54º40' latitude. Polk settled for the 49º latitude in 1846 (made northerners mad).
- He was sent by James K. Polk to occupy the disputed area and was fired on; Polk demanded a declaration for war with Mexico!
- 10th President (1 Term - served the remainder of Harrison's term) - PARTY - Whig. He was called "His Accidency" and was the first president to have a veto over-ridden and the first president that was ever attempted to be impeached (abuse of his veto power)
5 True/False Questions
3rd National Bank → Clay proposed a bill for this twice. Tyler vetoed it both times (angering his party)! - his cabinet resigned (except Secretary of State Daniel Webster - too busy). RESULTS - The Whigs disowned John Tyler (first president to serve w/o a party)! The Whigs attempted to impeach him (first president to have that happen) but it failed!
Henry Clay → This was annexed in 1845 by the U.S. under Tyler's administration after Democrat James K. Polk was elected on a platform of expansion
Transcendentalism → A spiritual movement that arose in the 1830s as a challenge to rationalism. Promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints, and emphasized emotions. They aimed to achieve an inner, emotional understanding of God rather than a rational, institutionalized one. Examples - Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller.
Panic of 1837 → Martin Van Buren v. WHIGS (William Henry Harrison, Daniel Webster, Hugh Lawson White). NEW PARTY - The Whigs (formed as opposition to Andrew Jackson); Whig strategy - by running several candidates, no one would receive a majority of the electoral vote sending it the House of Representatives (where they thought they could defeat Van Buren and the Democrats)! Martin Van Buren won big!
Manifest Destiny → "It's our God-given right to spread from NY to California"! Phrase commonly used in the 1840's and 1850's. It became a belief that expressed the inevitableness of continued expansion of the U.S. to the Pacific. First used by John L. Sullivan in 1845 article about the annexation of Texas.