← World History: Ch. 7 Early African Civilizations Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Asia The largest continent in the world. Africa The 2nd largest continent in the world. Sahara desert (in the North) Grassland and tropical jungle (In the West) Nile river (in the east) Grassland / plateau (in the South) Mountains and valleys (in the east) The five major geographical zones in Africa Mild 10% Desert 40% Rainforest 10% Savannas 40% Four major climate zones in Africa Unreliable rain The problem in the savannas in regard to farming. The Rainforests. Sleeping sickness. Where does the Tsetse fly make its home? What disease does it carry? Mild Climate What climate is able to support large populations? Area south of Nubia Where is Nubia? Egypt Who controlled Nubia first? 1000 B.C. When did Nubia become independent? Kush What was Nubia renamed? Kush conquered Egypt What happened between Kush and Egypt in 750 B.C.? Assyrians drove them back to Nubia. Why did Kushites leave Egypt? Iron, Ivory, gold, ebony, and slaves What were Kush's major exports? India, Arabia, and the Roman Empire Who did Kush export to? Rise and Invasion of Axum Why did Kush decline? Farming then Iron What was Kush's economy based on in its beginnings and later on? North East on the Red sea (Ethiopia area) Where was Axum located? Arabs and Arab traders Who founded Axum? Ivory, Frankincense Myrrh, and slaves What did Axum export? Ivory Trade What did Axum and Kush compete for? 2 christian children were shipwrecked and taken in by the royals and King Ezana learned it from them. How did King Ezana convert Christianity? Conquered in the 4th century What did King Ezana and Axum do to Kush? Christianity What was the official religion of Axum? By the 700s When did Islam spread through North Africa? Peaceful at first, but southern states moved in to control the Ivory trade How was The relationship?