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ADP

low energy molecule that can be changed back into ATP

ATP

molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of molecules in food to cell processes

chemosynthesis

organisms use chemical energy to make carbon based molecules

photosynthesis

captures energy from sunlight to make sugars that store energy

chlorophyll

molecule in chloroplasts that absorbs energy in visible light.

thylakoids

coin shaped membrane compartments

light dependant

captures energy from sunlight

light independant

make sugars in the strom

cell respiration

releases chemical energy from sugars and carbon to make ATP

aerobic

needs oxygen

glyolysis

splits glucose into 3 carbon molecules and makes 2 ATP molecules

anaerobic

doesnt need oxygen

krebs cycle

produces molecules that carry energy to 2nd part of cell respiration

calvin cycle

uses carbon dioxide gas and ATP energy and NADPH to make simple sugars

electron transport chain

seires of proteins in the membrane of the thylakoid

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