Greece is a peninsula made up of smaller peninsulas and islands. True or False.
area of land almost compltely surrouded
What is a peninsula?
What is the major landform of Greece?
What portion of Greece is good for growing crops?
because there was little farmland
Why were so many Greeks traders and sailors?
serouded by water
Why was it difficult for Greeks from different communities to meet each other?
the Minoans and the Myceanans
Name two ancient peoples that made important contributions to Greek Civilizations.
What was the name of the Island that the Minoans lived on?
Aegean and the Mediterranean Sea
What bodies of water surrounded Crete?
Mainland Greece, other Greek islands Egypt, Sicily
Which people did the Minoans trade with?
they developed an advanced culture, and they worshiped mostly goddesses
What do we know about the ancient Minoan people?
Where is the city of Knossos located?
the walls of the palace were covered with fanciful paintings
What did the findings at the palace at Knossos tell us about the people?
Who most likely took over the Minoan civilization?
the Aegean Sea and parts of Mediterranean
What did the Mycenaeans control at the height of their power around 1400 B.C.?
Minoans gained power through trade, Myceaneans gained power through quest
What was the difference in the type of power between the Minoans and the Mycenaeans?
on the west coast of Asia Minor
Where was the city of Troy located?
a giant, wooden horse
What was the trick that Greece used to conquer Troy?
soldiers hid in the horse and when rolled into city they attacked
What is an epic?
long storytelling poems
Name the two epic poems of the Trojan War.
Iliad and the Odyssey
Who gets credit for writing the Iliad and the Odyssey?
Why were these epics important to the Greeks?
taught them about gods and how their heroes behaved
What were the Dark Ages like for Greece?
it was a terrible time filled with poverty
The Greek Dark Ages were not completely bleak.
What were some positive things that happened during that time?
the fortified, or strengthened, hill of an ancient Greek city
What is an acropolis?
Around what year did cities begin to form in ancient Greece?
they formed near an acropolis
Where did these cities develop?
Were the cities united or independent?
members of rich and powerful families
Who is an aristocrat?
they owned horses, chariots, and the best weapons, and good land
What types of thing did the Greek aristocrat have?
olive oil and marble
What types of things did Greeks trade?
armor, swords, and spears
What types of things did the middle class have?
with the weapons that the middle class had large amounts of soldiers could fight effectively on foot
Why did military strength change hands from the aristocrats to the middle class?
aristocrat government was overthrown and replaced with tyrants
What was a result of the shift in power from the aristocrats to the middle class?
a ruler who took power by force
What is a tyrant?
What type of government finally developed in ancient Greece?
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
What is a democracy?
he won the power to change the laws he developed democracy
Who was Solon and what did he do?
Did everyone in Athens benefit from democracy?
Who could not take part in democracy in Athens?