AP European History, chapter 16 absolutism

23 terms by Ali_M

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Sovereignty

complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern

Absolutism

A state in which sovereignty is embodied in the person of rule. Absolutists kings clame to rule under divine right

Divine Right

The idea that one is responsible to God alone. Monarchs claim to rule under this right(differ from medieval idea that they ruled by Grace of God)

Bueraucracy

a government of non-elective government officials

Administrative Monarchy

the term historians who doubt the legitimacy of the absolutist period used to refer to the governments of the late 16th and early 17th centuries

Totalitarianism

A 20th century phenomenon that seeks to direct al facets of a state's culture in the interests of the state

Paulette

an annual fee paid by royal officials to guarantee heredity in their offices

Generalities

districts of France

Intendants

Royal commissioners recruited from the judicial nobility that were responsible for regulating power of the nobility and enforcing order within the centralized french state

Noblesse de Robe

Newer judicial nobility

Law of concord

same as the Edict of Nantes, it created a temporary religious tolerance amongst the protestants and catholics. It's goal was religious concord NOT permanent coexistence, it set aside certain towns for protestants

culture of retribuition

The tendency of the common people to attack royal officials who came to impose or collect taxes

Rasion d'etat

The reason of the state the Richelieu used to justify the immoral activity he did in order to centralize power and control habsburgs

Fronde

refers to the civil wars of the mid 17th century caused by the unrest of the lower classes

Peace of Utrecht

treaty that ended the war against france by England, Holland, Austria, and Prussia. Philip was allowed remain King of spain but french and spanish crowns could never unite.

Servicos

national taxes

Quixotic

idealistic but impractical

Thomas Wolsley

crown servant from Englad who abuse political power for his own profit and gain

Louis XIV

King of France who believed that he emodied teh french nation

Henry IV

French King who inherited an internally damaged France. promised "a chicken in every pot" he was known as the 2nd monarch to genuinely care about his people and his statue wasn't knocked over during the revolution

Maximillian de Bethune

the duke of sully who was appointed by King Henry to be chief minister

Marie de Medici

lead the government for child King XIII

Richelieu

President of the council of ministers and helped establish absolutism in France. He separated france into districts and quelled the nobility. He was responsible for the unification of the french language

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