5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Kingly Tradition Paradigm
- Why do we have new translations?
- Exodus Paradigm
- Mark - Authorship
- Matthew - Authorship
- a Moses: an agent of redemption
- b David, 'nuf said
- c 1. Our ability to understand the meaning of ancient languages
2. The way we use our own language
3. NOT because the original meaning has changed!
- d we have no explicit author but we DO have
1) witness of Church fathers - Eusebeus (3c) says that Papias (2c) says someone said that Mark wrote it, listening to Peter
2) Mark's bad rep - he deserted Paul on the first missionary journey. If anyone was going to invent an author, why would they pick Mark?
3) Relationships - several other scriptures tell us that John Mark was in Rome with Peter around the date of authorship
- e Matthew is not a logical choice for an invented author
Church Tradition: Papias - Matthew written in Aramaic
Theory - an Aramaic testimonia book (M) became the basis of the Gospel along with Mk and Q.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Testimonia theory.
Moses motif: -monarch killing babies -Egypt -wilderness -40 -giving law from the mountain -12 tribes, 12 disciples -feeding the 5000, manna in the wilderness
A five book structure, reflects Pentateuch
- 1) A supplement- John knows at least one Synoptic and adds material
2) An interpretation- writing an explanation.
3) Literary Independence** - John is writing his own gospel, not adding to or explaining the other.
- without a predicate = "God is."
with a predicate = source of life, exclusivity (there is NO other)
I am the way
I am the resurrection and the life
I am the vine
I am the bread of life
I am the light of the world
- Rome. The evidence:
2. Language - Mark uses Aramaic and translates it, he also transliterates Latin into Greek (so, his readers know Latin but not Aramaic)
3. Purpose of Proclamation - the cross does not prevent Christ from being the Son of God, addressing the Roman issues with the crucifixion
- 1) The role of the Holy Spirit in Luke/Acts - fits Lk's goal to demonstrate gentile acceptance. Sets this up throughout Gospel
2) Jesus as the Son of God - birth announcement (to Mary), spiritual conception, the Baptism, see also Jesus - Adam Typology
3) The Jubilee Connection - a year of Jubilee close to the beginning of Jesus' ministry. The claim of fulfilling Isaiah 61
5 True/False questions
Jewish Expectation (and speculation) of Messiah → Jesus is a Joshua "type" and Joshua is a Jesus "type"
Yeshua (Joshua) in Hebrew is transliterated Jesus in Greek
means "Ywh is Salvation"
"The Incident" Paradigm → The Golden Calf
Religious Leaders point back to this event as the root of the Apostasy in the OT
John - Audience → Johannine Community (disciples and followers of John)
-Christians under Domitian persecution
-isolated community, still a part of synagogue life, facing temptation to turn b/c of Jewish pressure under persec.
3 Basic Approaches to Translation → "middle of the road"
-a smoothing out of translation AND meaning
-not afraid to move away from the literal in order to make clear
-danger: faces all four issue of translation
The Gospel of Thomas → -non-canonical, 2nd c gnostic, pseudepigraph
-docetic depiction of the crucifixion
-9th c. copy found in a monk's coffin
-Oxyrhynncus fragments: 2nd or 3rd c.