5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Mark - Date
- Mark's Agenda
- The Gospel of Thomas
- Holtzmann Hypothesis
- Jewish Expectation (and speculation) of Messiah
- a -Late 50s or very early 60s
-precedes Lk and Acts
-Acts probably written before Paul's death (64) in 63, so Mk must come before this.
- b -to answer the question "Who is He?"
-Mark is claiming Jesus is the Son of God, despite the cross
- c -non-canonical, 2nd c gnostic, pseudepigraph
-alludes to and quotes NT
-includes stories/quotes of Jesus which may have actually happened
-Nag Hammadi: 350 AD. Coptic copy with 114 sayings of Jesus, found in 1945
-Oxyrhynncus: 2nd or 3rd c. Fragments with 32 sayings, found in 1904, published 1970s
- d 1863
- e ...
5 Multiple choice questions
- Often incomplete, easily misunderstood & embarrassing. Mtt and Luke smooth it out.
ex: Jesus calming the storm
- Centers on 2 questions
1) Who is the "beloved disciple?" a literary device?
-many scholars accept that he is the author. we know:
-named John, not necessarily the Apostle
-a teen of a High Priestly family
2) Who is the author?
-John the Apostle
-a John, not the Apostle
-Johannine Community (see Audience)
- The ending of Mark, 16:9-20
-The Byzantine Text has these verses
-The Alexandrian Text omitts
- Jesus is a Joshua "type" and Joshua is a Jesus "type"
Yeshua (Joshua) in Hebrew is transliterated Jesus in Greek
means "Ywh is Salvation"
- The Golden Calf
Religious Leaders point back to this event as the root of the Apostasy in the OT
5 True/False questions
Mark - Authorship → Church Tradition
From Scripture we know:
-A gentile doctor (Col 4:11,14) of what is unknown
-with Paul at the end of his life (II Tim 4:11)
-may have traveled with Paul (changes from "they" to "we" in Acts)
-direct access to Mary, her children or someone close to her
Theophilus - a real person or literary device (name lit. means "friend of God"). if real, a patron of Luke
Streeter's Hypothesis → 1863
Mark - Structure → Three themes woven together throughout the book
"L" Material of the Infancy Narrative:
-Mtt writes about scripture fulfilled, Lk writes like he's continuing scripture
-canticles (Mary's Magnificat = Hannah's Song in I Sam)
Luke - Style → -fits a Roman mindset (give us the story, not the extra details)
1) historic present tense
2) participle pile up - lots of "ing"
3) εὐθὐς - "immediately" used as a fill word
4) Abruptness - not concerned with the birth of Christ, in the first 13 verses: OT foundations, John the Baptist, Jesus, Jesus' baptism, Jesus sent to the wilderness/temptation and the beginning of ministry
Matthew - Authorship → Matthew is not a logical choice for an invented author
Church Tradition: Papias - Matthew written in Aramaic
Theory - an Aramaic testimonia book (M) became the basis of the Gospel along with Mk and Q.