Med Term Ch 10 Test Review

55 terms by wilson28018

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Cerebellum

part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance

myoneural

Pertaining to muscle and nerves

acetylcholine

Neurotransmitter

dendrite

part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse

gyri

Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex

causalgia

burning sensation of pain

plexus

A network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system

astrocytes

glial cells

synapse

space between nerve cells

medula oblongata

part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels

aphasia

inability to speak

cauda equina

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord

myelogram

X-ray record of the spinal cord

subdural hematoma

Collection of blood within the meningeal layers

paresthesia

abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling

radiculitis

inflammation of a spinal nerve root

glioblastoma

a highly malignant brain tumor

quadriplegia

paralysis of four extremities

cerebrovascular accident

cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhaging

syncope

fainting

meningomyelocele

Spina bifida is associated with

shuffling gait

Parkinson disease is characterized by

dyslexia

disorder of reading, writing, and learning

anesthesia

condition of no nervous sensation

epilepsy

Sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures

Bell palsy

unilateral facial paralysis

myasthenia gravis

loss of muscle strength; breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter

aura

peculiar sensation appearing before more definite symptoms

transient ischemic attack

interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum

occlusion

blockage

dopamine

neurotransmitter

glioblastoma multiforme

malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells

tonic-clonic seizure

major convulsive epileptic seizure

meninges

Three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord

embolism

Obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot

glial

pertaining to supportive cells of the nervous system

thalamus

a part of the brain that serves as a relay station for incoming sensory information

synapse

space between nerve cells

neurasthenia

lack of strength in nerves; a feeling of weakness and exhaustion

hypothalamus

located below the thalamus, controls vital bodily functions. Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, an body temperature

neurorrhaphy

surgically suturing together the ends of a severed nerve

motor nerve

a nerve that passes toward or to muscles or glands

myelin sheath

insulating membrane surrounding the axon in some neurons

acetylcholine

a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction.

meningioma

tumor of the meninges

hyperkinesis

excessive movement

neurasthenia

nervous exhaustion

paresis

slight or partial paralysis

demyelination

Destruction of myelin on axons of neurons (as in multiple sclerosis)

syncopal

pertaining to fainting

palliative

remedy that alleviates pain without curing

dementia

loss of mental capacity

intrathecal

pertaining to within the meninges

parenchymal

essential cells of an organ

gait

manner of walking

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