the 20 mineras that make up the Earth's crust
A light-colored rock that has high silica content
a dark colored rock that is low in silica
The particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture
the look and feel of a rock's surface
rocks formed by the cooling of molten rock (either magma or lava)
Rocks formed by sediments compacted and pressed together
rocks formed from pre-existing rocks as a result of high pressure and/or high temperature
igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma beneath the Earth's surface
a material formed from oxygen and silicon
small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
The process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight.
The process by which dissolved minerals crystalize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass.
a sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together
form where the remains of plants and animals are deposited in thick layers
when minerals that are dissolved in a solution crystallize
A structure of calcite skeletons built up by coral animals in warm, shallow ocean water.
the texture of metamorphic rock in which the mineral grains are arranged in planes or bands
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another