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Transportation Revolution

invention and popularity of steamboats, highways, and railroads

Erie Canal (1817-25)

"Clinton's big ditch" dug from great lake to hudson river

Market Revolution

scattered farms, market based economy, increased prosperity, women work outside of home

Deism

spinoff from the severe puritanism

Second Great Awakening (1820's)

temperance movements, supported moral rights, widened lines between classes

Horace Mann (1837)

MA, wanted better schools, longer semester, higher pay for teachers

Mormons (1830)

new kind of religion, men had multiple wives, hated by others

Joseph Smith

created mormonism, murdered by anti-mormons

Brigham Young

leader of mormons 1845

Emma Willard

advocate for women, made Troy demale seminary in NY

Dorothea Dix

1843, traveled to see conditions of asylums, wanted improvements made

Circuit riders

Traveling frontier preachers during second great awakening

Cash crop

corn

Cotton Gin (1793)

Invented by Eli Whitney, part of industrial revolution

Factories in North

made factories on land not able to crop from, better presence of rivers for transporting goods

Agricultural Inventions

steel plow, mower-reaper

Samuel Morse

invented the telegraph

What hath god wraught?

first saying to be telegraphed

Western Movement

popular for fur-traders, living conditions were harsh while moving, hope of gaining land

anti-foreignism

catholics vs. protestants, pricate catholic schools founded because of...

irish

moved to america because of potato famine, not welcome

germans

well educated, wanted political freedom

Corrupt Bargain

dispute arose because Adams won through majority, not the highest amount

John Quincy Adams

not a succesful president, won respect not popularity

Andrew Jackson

aristocrat, rewarded supporters with office positions

Monroe Doctrine

message to Britain- noncolinization, nonintervention

Russo-American Treaty of 1824

Russia stops SW dispute and made treaty line in NW

War of 1812

america vs. britain, fought in canada, washinton dc, new orleans

Treaty of Ghent (1814)

John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay make deal with britain, fighting solved but controversial

Hartford Convention

Federalists met privately, wanted financial assistance for states, constitutional amendments, 2/3 vote instead of 3/5 vote, new states, 1 term only for presidents

Seneca Falls Convention (1848)

women met to rewrite declaration of indepence to support women

cult of domesticy

womens power within the home

lucretia Molt (1840)

attended antislavery convention in london, but blocked off from men, quaker

reform efforts

inprovement of education, prisons, asylums, women's movement, abolition, temperance, abolition, indians, health and medicine

romanticism

painting, portraits to nature, literature in north and south

transendentalism

to discover your inner light

panic of 1837

basic cause was wanting to get rich quick, gambling addictions, jacksonian finance scare, failed crops, higher tariffs

whigs

represented westerners in politics

Martin Van Buren

NY, tried to pass divorce bill to split bank from government, 8th president

Indian removal act (1830)

stated all native americans must move out into designated areas in west

Bank War

Jackson vs. Bank, jackson wanted 'pet' banks but not bank of the united states

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