health5

Created by AmyStanke 

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43 terms

endocrine glands

produce and release chemical substances; make up your endorcrine system

hormones

chemical substances produced by edocrine glands; chemical messangers

pituitary gland

a small gland at the base of the brain; controls growing rate, metabolism, reproduction, and regulates other endocrine glands

hypothalamus

part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland; regulates your body temperature, use of water, and blood pressure; oversees hormone level

adrenal glands

above the kidney; produce hormones that affect the functioning of your kidneys, metabolism, and response to stressful situations

adrenaline

hormone released by the adrenal glands

thyroid gland

shaped like a bow tie; located in the front of the neck; releases a hormone that regulates the rate of metabolism in the body

parathyroid glands

attached to the thyroid gland; regulates calcium and phosphorus

pancreas

large gland behind the stomach; part of the digestive and endocrine system

hypoglycemia

level of blood sugar is too low

thymus

gland located in the upper chest near the heart; no understood

ovaries

female reproductive glands

testes

male reproductive glands

fsh and lh

hormones released by the pituitary gland in males and females

testosterone

male sex hormone

sperm

male sex cells

progesterone and estrogen

female sex hormones

ova

female sex cells

fertilization

the joining of a sperm cell with an egg; baby

scrotum

sac of skin that testes hang outside the body in

epididymis

J-shaped tube located on the back of each testis

penis

external sexual organ through which sperm leave the body

glans

tip of the penis

circimcision

removal of the foreskin

vas deferens

an 18 inch tube that receives sperm from the epididymis

urethra

a tube that passes through the penis to the outside of the body; carries urine and sperm

seminal vesicles

sex gland; located near the bladder

Cowper's glands

pair of glands located at the base of the penis

semen

sperm mixes with the fluids from glands

nocturnal emission

erection and ejaculation during sleep

ovulation

the release of one ripening egg per month

fallopian tubes

small tubes that carry the released eggs from the ovaries

uterus

hollow, muscular, pear shaped organ located between the two ovaries and behind the urinary bladder

cervix

narrow base of the uterus

menstrual cycle

the process during which an egg matures and is released and the uterus prepares to receive it

endometrium

lining of the uterus

endometriosis

pain in the pelvic area

chromosomes

tiny structures found within every cell

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

chemical substance that make up chromosomes

gene

a section of a chrmosome that determines a single trait

genetic disorder

abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or chromosomes

tay-sachs disease

lack of chemical in the brain; no treatment

phenylketonuria

rare metabolic disorder that con cause severe mental retardation in infants

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