The Material manifestation of culture, including tools, housing, systems of land use, clothing, and etc.
The part of the physical landscape that represents material culture, including buildings, roads, bridges, and etc
The place where concentration of culture traits that characterizes a region is greatest.
The concept that people of different culture will definitely observe and interpret their environment and make different decision about its nature, potentiality and use.
Modification to an environment by humans (including built environments and agricultural systems that reflects aspects of culture.)
A collective of culture regions sharing related culture systems; a major world area having sufficient distinctiveness to be perceived as a set apart from other realms in terms of cultural characteristics and complexes.
A formal or functional region within which common cultural characteristics prevail.
A nuclear area within which an advanced and distinctive set of culture traits, ideas, and technologies develops and from which there is diffusion of those characteristics and the cultural landscape features they imply.
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be associated with religious beliefs or business practices.)
A single, distinguishing feature of regular occurrence within a culture, such as the use of chopsticks of the observance of a particular caste system. A single element of learned behavior.
The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
A nineteenth- and early twentieth- century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.
Folk Culture (Folkways)
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
A repetitive act performed by a particular individual.
The tangible, physical items produced and used by members of a specific culture group and reflective of their traditions, lifestyles and technologies.
The central, enduring elements of a culture expressing its values and beliefs, including language, religion, folklore, and etc.
Popular Culture Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unit a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions.
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
How popular culture's landscape look the same.
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture
the study of the interactions between societies and the natural environments they live in
the process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade
The process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape