Scarlet Letter 1-166 Vocab

166 terms by Burshnick_Hannah

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pompous

exaggerated show of dignity or self-importance, bombastic. ANT- humble; meek

ponderous

very heavy, unwieldy from weight. ANT- lightweight

portal

a doorway (especially a large one)

portent

a sign or forewarning

posterity

future generations, all descendants of a person. ANT- forebears

potent

powerful, having a strong effect. ANT- ineffectual

potentate

a monarch, very powerful ruler, sovereign.

prattle

meaningless sounds, babble. ANT- articulate language

precipice

a very steep cliff or mass of rock, the brink of something dangerous. ANT- cavern

precocious

exceptionally early in development or occurrence. ANT- backward

predilection

preference. ANT- dislike; disinclination

primeval

ancient, relating to the earliest ages. ANT- recently developed

prolific

abundantly fruitful, marked by great productivity. ANT- barren; unfruitful

propensity

preference, natural inclination. ANT- aversion

propinquity

nearness; kinship.

propriety

correct conduct. ANT- indecorum

quaint

unusual in character or appearance. ANT- ordinary

regimen

the regular process, procedure or system of doing something. ANT- unsystematic activity

remonstrate

to protest, to make objections. ANT- to agree; to acquiesce

replete

filled to capacity, abundantly supplied. ANT- devoid

requite

to make repayment or to return. ANT- to withhold

revere

to honor, to regard with respect. ANT- to despise

rotund

very plump, round. ANT- gaunt

sagacious

wise, shrewd, very discerning. ANT- ignorant; uninformed; undiscerning

scintillating

sparkling, shining, or flashing. ANT- dull

sedulously

very diligent, accomplishing with painstaking care. ANT- haphazardly

sentinel

one who keeps guard as a sentry

solace

to comfort or to cheer. ANT- to deride; to harass.

stalwart

one who supports a cause with firm partisanship

superfluous

beyond what is needed or required, an overflow. ANT- necessary

tarry

to delay in coming or going, to linger. ANT- to depart promptly

tempestuous

turbulent, stormy. ANT- calm

tome

a book that is a large volume

torpid

sluggish, inactive, dull. ANT- active; animated

unobtrusive

not readily noticeable, inconspicuous. ANT- noticeable, obvious

vagrant

a wanderer who does not have a home

venerate

to honor, to revere

vicissitude

a passing from one thing to another, change of luck

virtuous

having excellent morals; righteous. ANT- depraved

vista

a distant view seen through an opening

vitiated

impaired, corrupted, or made ineffective. ANT- strengthened

voluminous

marked by great volume or size. ANT- slight

voluptuous

pleasurable to the senses, sensuous. ANT- plain; homely

wan

very pale and sickly. ANT- full of vitality

witticism

a clever and witty remark. ANT- platitude

zenith

the highest point overhead, peak. ANT- lowest point

fugitive

a person who is elusive or hard to find, wandering; ephermeral, evanescent, fleeting, transient, transitory

furrow

to make wrinkles or grooves

gaunt

very thin, emaciated, angular; lank, lean, rawboned, spare

gentility

state of refinement, member of the upper class or gentry

gratuitous

given freely, unwarranted

grievous

characterized by severe suffering or sorrow, serious or grave

ignominy

disgraceful or dishonorable conduct; disgrace, disrepute, infamy

imbibe

to absorb or to drink in

imperious

extremely overbearing; domineering, imperative, masterful, preemptory

implicit

understood but not directly expressed

import

relative importance, significance

impugn

to assail or to attack one's honor or integrity

impute

to blame or to charge

inauspicious

unfavorable

incantation

a spell, written or recited formula of words desined for a particular effect

inclement

stormy, severe

incongruity

nonconformity, disagreement, incompatibility

incurious

uninterested, lacking normal curiousity

indefatigable

tireless, incapable of being fatigued

inextricable

not able to be disentangled

infamous

having a reputation of the worst kind, visious, notoriously bad; disreputable, ignominious

inopportune

inconvenient, poorly timed

inscrutable

difficult to understand; mysterious

insidious

treacherous or dangerous in a secret sort of way

inveterate

firmly established, habitual, deep-rooted

inviolable

secure from violation or from being profaned

jocular

jesting or joking; facetious, jocose, jocund

jollity

merriment, state of being jolly; glee, hilarity, mirth

labyrinthine

like a maze, very convoluted and intricate; mazy

lament

to mourn or to express sorrow in a demonstrative manner; bemoan, bewail, deplore

dearth

a lack, a scarcity; paucity

decorousness

proper behavior

decorum

appropriate conduct, correct and proper behavior

deleterious

harmful, dangerous, injurious; baneful, detrimental, noxious, pernicious

depravity

moral corruption, a wicked or perverse act; abasement, corruption, debasement, debauchery, perversion

derision

scoffing at, mockery, ridicule

despondency

depression, dejection

despotic

ruling oppressively and absolutely; tyrannical

discern

to differentiate between two or more things

duplicity

double-dealing, hypocrisy

edifice

a very large building

effervescent

showing high spirits

endow

to provide with income or property, to supply with a talent or quality

enmity

absolute hatred; animosity, animus, antagonism, antipathy, hostility, rancor

entreaty

a plea, an earnest request; adjuration, appeal, suit, importunity, supplication

enumerate

to count one by one

erudite

scholarly

esoteric

understood only by a small group or select few

estrange

to alienate, to separate; disaffect, wean

ethereal

heavenly, unusually delicate, light, lacking material substance, intangible

eulogy

praise or tribute; encomium, panegyric, tribute

evanescent

fleeting, impermanent; ephemeral, fugitive, transient, transitory

exigent

urgent, requiring immediate attention

expiate

to atone or to make amends for a sin or a crime

extant

still in existence

fervent

ardent, showing great emotion, impassioned; passionate, fervid, perfervid

florid

flowery, flushed with color

foliage

leaves of a plant, leafage

forbearance

patience, lenience

foreboding

premonition of evil, an ominous omen; prediciton, portent, presentiment

abase

to degrade, to humiliate

abate

to reduce in intensity or amount

abstruse

difficult to understand, recondite, concealed

abyss

bottomless hole, a vast expanse or depth

acuity

sharpness of perception

affinity

a likeness, a natural relationship, a kinship

alacrity

prompt and cheerful response

alchemist

one who practices medieval chemistry or tries to change metals into gold

alloy

a substance that is a mixture of metals

amenable

open to or willing to follow advice or suggestion, tractable, malleable

antipathy

a dislike, distaste, or enmity

append

to add in a supplementary manner

arduous

very difficult to accomplish or to achieve, very demanding

ascend

to move upward, to rise from a lower station

ascetic

one who leads a life of self-denial and contemplation, absent of luxury

audacity

excessive boldness, rashness, daring

augury

an omen or prophecy

auspicious

favorable

austere

strict, stern; unadorned, ascetic

balm

a soothing substance or one that gives relief

benevolence

kindness, generosity, charity

benign

not causing harm, of gentle disposition, beneficial

betoken

to give a sign of

blighted

destroyed or caused by decline or decay

buoyant

capable of floating; cheerful

burnish

to make shiny or polish by rubbing

calamity

a serious event causing distress or misfortune

capricious

changing suddenly, fickle

consecrate

to dedicate or to declare sacred

credible

reliable and believable

languid

slow, sluggish, listless, weak. ant- animated

laud

to praise, to extol. ant-to defame

loquacious

very talkative. ant-taciturn

lurid

sensational, gruesome, and causing shock or horror.

magnate

a person of power and influence. Ant- pauper

malefactor

a criminal. Ant-law-abiding citizen

malevolence

ill will or evil intentions. Ant- benevolence

malicious

motivated by hate or deliberate intent to harm. Ant- Kind

malleable

capable of being shaped, influenced, or altered; tractable. Ant- unpliable

malancholy

depression of spirits. ant-happiness

mirth

gladness and merriment usually accompanied by laughter. Ant- sadness

misanthrope

a hater of mankind. Ant- Philanthrompist

mollify

to soothe or to appease,. To assuage. Ant- to aggravate.

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