Increased sebaceous gland activity during infancy
Lower central incisors
first primary teeth to erupt
An infant should have good head control by how many months?
Normal palpation of a infants head at 12 months?
able to palpate pulsations at the anterior fontanelle
Common findings in infants:
-epidermis and dermis are loosely bound (subject to friction rubs and trauma)
-melanin levels are low at birth (subject to sunburn)
-skin is more permeable (risk of fluid loss)
Using an otoscope with an infant pull the ear...
down and back
Flattening or asymmetry of the head (typically due to parents having the child sleep on their back too much)
localized soft area of the scalp resulting from long difficlt labir or vacuum extraction; overrides suture lines
head tilt due to shortening or contraction of one sternomastoid muscle
ringworm of the scalp (fungus)
cafe au lait spot
This is a skin lesion that is the color of coffee with milk—a distinctive light brown pigment having a macular form. Pronounced "kahFAY o LAY."
a benign, bluish black macule, between 2 and 8 cm, occurring over the sacrum and on the buttocks of some newborns. It is especially common in African Americans, Native Americans, southern Europeans, and Asian Americans and usually disappears during early childhood.
normal head circumference at birth; usually 35 cm (14 in)
sagittal and coronal sutures may be palpable but non-tender
Condition in which the eyeballs protrude, such as in Grave's disease. This is generally caused by an over production of thyroid hormone.
Pulmonary crackles are indicative of alveolar collapse or fluid
farsightedness resulting from a reduced ability to focus caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with old age
dilation of the pupil, with an adrenergic response
constriction of the pupil, as a result of a cholinergic response
gradual loss of hearing (due to nerve degeneration) that occurs as the body ages
abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
ABC... then pain
Normal aging eye variations
gray-white circles in the iris bilaterally
Normal aging ear variations
coarse and stiff otic cilia
cranial nerve degeneration
increased auditory reaction time
inflammation of the pharynx
-obstructed Eustachian tubes