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Cultural Patterns & processes

acculturation

process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage

assimilation

process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant one

cultural core/periphery pattern

core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties

cultural identity

belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect

culture

body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people's distinct tradition

innovation adoption

study of how why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture

maladaptive diffusion

diffusion of a process with negative side effects or what works well in one region may not in another

religion

faithfulness to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual nature

animism

belief that objects or natural events have a discrete spirit and life

Buddhism

one of the world's major universalizing religions

Cargo Cult Pilgrimage

Cargo Cultists believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits

Christianity

monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament

ethnic religion

religion with a rather concentrated distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location where its adherents are located

exclave/enclave

country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country; an exclave is one which is geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory

fundamentalism

literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion

geomancy

method of prediction that interprets markings on the ground or how handfuls of dirt land when someone tosses them

Proselytic religion

Universalizing Religion, attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location

Sharia Law

Muslim legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles

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