Psychopathology Chapter 13

41 terms by drlaura2

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Schizophrenia

1. Which of the following characterize the disorder known as schizophrenia?

a. delusions and hallucinations
b. inappropriate emotions
c. disorganized speech and behavior
d. all of these

D

2. Which of the following is the definition of catatonia?

a. silly and immature behavior
b. early madness
c. immobility or agitated excitement
d. delusions of grandeur or persecution

C

3. Which of the following is the definition for hebephrenia?

a. silly and immature behavior
b. early madness
c. alternating immobility and agitated excitement
d. delusions of grandeur or persecution

A

4. If an individual is diagnosed as psychotic it usually means that the person has:

a. hallucinations
b. delusions
c. both of these
d. neither of these

C?

5. In the textbook case of Arthur, he said that he had a "secret plan to save all the starving children in the world." After Arthur showed other bizarre behavior and also said he was going to climb the fence of a government building, his parents tried to have him admitted to a psychiatric hospital. They were not able to do that because:

a. he was not considered a danger to himself or others
b. he was given medication instead to calm him down
c. the hospital staff didn't believe his parents
d. his behavior was due to a substance abuse problem

?

6. In working with schizophrenic patients, mental health professionals typically distinguish between ____ symptoms (an excess or distortion of normal behavior) and ____ symptoms (deficits in normal behavior).

a. positive, negative
b. negative, positive
c. manic, depressive
d. dysmorphic, dysfunctional

A

7. Which of the following is the persecutory type of psychotic delusion?

a. a familiar person is actually a double
b. one is a famous or important person
c. people are out to get you
d. a body part has changed in some impossible way

C

8. The most common type of hallucination experienced by psychotic individuals is:

a. visual
b. auditory
c. tactile
d. olfactory

B?

9. Research using brain imaging techniques has localized auditory hallucinations in the part of the brain called:

a. Wernicke's area
b. Broca's area
c. the occipital lobe
d. the limbic system

B--need to double chk if not, W's

10. The negative schizophrenic symptom called alogia is defined as:

a. inability to initiate and persist in activities
b. inability to experience pleasure
c. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression
d. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech response

D

11. The negative schizophrenic symptom called anhedonia is defined as:

a. inability to initiate and persist in activities
b. inability to experience pleasure
c. lack of emotional response, blank facial expression
d. lack of speech content and/or slowed speech response

B

12. Marta, a hospitalized schizophrenic patient, shows an unusual form of catatonia. If someone moves one of her arms or legs into a different position, it just stays that way. Marta's bizarre behavior is called:

a. postural dysfunction
b. aerobic mobility
c. waxy flexibility
d. schizophrenic movement disorder

C

13. A potential sign of schizophrenia in children is the experience of:

a. extreme positive and negative emotions
b. reduced positive and enhanced negative emotions
c. the absence of emotions
d. enhanced positive and reduced negative emotions

C

14. The DSM-IV criteria for the disorganized type of schizophrenia include all of the following EXCEPT:

a. disorganized speech
b. echolalia or echopraxia
c. disorganized behavior
d. flat or inappropriate affect

?

15. One of the subtypes of schizophrenia is termed residual. Which of the following individuals would be diagnosed with this condition?

a. Mr. S. is actively hallucinating and has delusions of persecution.
b. Miss L. has had an episode of schizophrenia but has no active symptoms at this time.
c. Mrs. R. has never had an episode of schizophrenia but acts in a very bizarre manner.
d. Mr. F. is at risk for developing schizophrenia because of his family history.

B?

16. The positive symptoms of schizophrenia are most closely associated with ____ activity.

a. serotonin
b. dopamine
c. norepinephrine
d. acetylcholine

?

17. Which of the following statistical data are NOT accurate regarding schizophrenia?

a. the lifetime prevalence rate is 1%
b. life expectancy is less than average due to suicides and accidents
c. men with schizophrenia have a better prognosis than women with schizophrenia
d. more women than men develop schizophrenia later in life

C

18. Callie has been diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder. This means that in addition to schizophrenic symptoms, she also has symptoms of:

a. an anxiety disorder
b. a mood disorder
c. a split personality
d. obsessive-compulsive disorder

B

19. At various times individuals have been arrested for stalking celebrities who they believed were in love with them. This condition is called a(n) ____ delusion.

a. jealous
b. erotomanic
c. somatic
d. persecutory

B?

20. A woman diagnosed as schizophrenic announces that she has a plan to end poverty and homelessness in the world and that the Pope has given her secret instructions on how this can be accomplished. Her thinking is indicative of a delusion of ____.

a. persecution
b. thought insertion
c. grandeur
d. reference

C

21. Which of the following defines the jealous type of delusional disorder?

a. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity
b. falsely believing that one's sexual partner is unfaithful
c. believing in one's inflated worth, identity or special relationship
d. believing one is being malevolently treated in some way

B

22. Research on DSM-IV-TR categorization of schizophrenia indicates that the current categories:

a. may not match the underlying biological information emerging
b. clearly match the underlying biological information emerging
c. are consistent in people across time
d. have no historic value

?

...

REPEAT

24. Which of the following is true in regard to the genetic basis of schizophrenia?

a. Researchers have discovered the gene responsible for causing schizophrenia.
b. Genes are responsible for making some individuals vulnerable to schizophrenia.
c. Both of these statements are true.
d. Neither of these statements is true.

B

25. When using correlational research to look for abnormalities in the brain as clues to the influences of schizophrenia, it is important to keep certain questions in mind. For example, if a schizophrenic person was found to have an excess of dopamine, a researcher would need to ask all of the following questions EXCEPT:

a. Does too much dopamine cause schizophrenia?
b. Does having schizophrenia cause an excess of dopamine?
c. Is there some factor that causes both schizophrenia and an excess of dopamine?
d. Why is the dopamine system active in the schizophrenic brain?

D

26. In regard to the ways that drugs affect neurotransmitters, which of the following is true?

a. A drug that is an agonist occupies the receptor sites, blocking the neurotransmitter.
b. A drug that is an antagonist helps increase the release of the neurotransmitter.
c. Both of these are correct.
d. Neither of these is correct.

D?

27. Which of the following neurotransmitters has recently been linked to schizophrenia?:

a. deficiency in the stimulation of prefrontal dopamine D1 receptors
b. excessive stimulation of striatal dopamine D2 receptors
c. alterations in prefrontal activity involving glutamate transmissions
d. changes in temporal lobe function associated with serotonin receptor activity

?

28. Which of the following drugs causes schizophrenic symptoms?

a. marijuana
b. PCP
c. cocaine
d. LSD

D?

29. The prodromal phase of schizophrenia occurs:

a. 1-2 years before serious symptoms emerge
b. 1-2 years after serious symptoms emerge
c. in childhood, well before serious symptoms emerge
d. in between schizophrenic episodes

C?

30. Current research suggests that:

a. environmental stress may trigger schizophrenia
b. genes cause schizophrenia
c. genes carried by a fetus may make it vulnerable to schizophrenia
d. all of the above

D

31. Type II schizophrenia is associated with "negative symptoms" including all of the following EXCEPT:

a. poor response to medication
b. intellectual impairment
c. poverty of speech (alogia)
d. hallucinations and delusions

?

32. Which of the following is NOT one of the typical minor side effects of antipsychotic medications?

a. grogginess
b. blurred vision
c. headaches
d. dryness of the mouth

?

33. Tardive dyskinesia, a severe side effect of antipsychotic medications, includes all of the following involuntary movements EXCEPT:

a. involuntary chewing
b. puffing of the cheeks
c. tongue protrusion
d. tooth grinding

?

34. In the latter half of the 20th century, the routine institutionalization of schizophrenic patients was significantly reduced because of:

a. the effectiveness of antipsychotic medications
b. court rulings limiting involuntary hospitalization
c. both of these
d. neither of these

C?

35. Research suggests that the benefits of social skills training for schizophrenics:

a. last for at least 10 years
b. increase over time
c. decrease over time
d. is never effective

?

36. Which of the following is characterized of paranoid schizophrenia?

a. silly and immature behavior
b. early madness
c. alternating immobility and agitated excitement
d. delusions of grandeur or persecution

D

37. Which of the following defines the erotomanic type of delusional disorder?

a. believing that one is loved by an important person or celebrity
b. falsely believing that one's sexual partner is unfaithful
c. believing in one's inflated worth, identity or special relationship
d. believing one is being malevolently treated in some way

A

38. The prognosis for schizoaffective disorder is:

a. positive with or without treatment
b. similar to that of schizophrenia
c. unknown
d. unassociated with major life difficulties

?

39. Making the diagnosis of schizophrenia is controversial because:

a. the symptoms can vary as a function of culture or race
b. the symptoms are similar across culture and race
c. the symptoms simply reflect biases in the minds of mental health professionals
d. the label is derogatory and has no clinical utility

?

40. A child who demonstrates mild physical abnormalities, poor motor coordination and mild cognitive and social problems will:

a. definitely develop schizophrenia later
b. definitely not develop schizophrenia later
c. definitely outgrow these problems
d. none of these statements are true

D

41. Schizophrenic patients who take antipsychotic medications sometimes develop severe side effects such as akinesia, a Parkinsonian-like condition that produces all of the following EXCEPT:

a. hand tremors
b. expressionless face
c. slowed movements
d. monotonous speech

?

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set