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Louis XVI

French King who ruled before the French Revolution

Tennis Court Oath

the national assembly swore to never seperate and to constantly meet until they wrote a fair constitution.

National Assembly

The delegates of the Third Estate called themselves this.

three estates

1. Clergy, 2. Nobility. 3.everyone else

Constitution of 1791

Constitution created by the French Revolution that had a limited monarchy

National Convention

French Formed Governing Body That Abolished The Constitutional Monarchy, Declared France a Republic & Executed Louis XVI

Enlightenment

a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions, a philosophical movement (1600s-1700s) that emphasized human reason, scientific examination, and industrial progress

Fall of Bastille

(July 1789) angry Paris citizens attacked the bastille

Legislative Assembly

A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war

Great Fear

a wave of senseless panic

Olympe de Gouges

french journalist who demanded equal rights for women

Estates-General

representatives of each estate gather to vote

Napoleon Bonaparte

took control of France after the French Revolution

Nationalism

a feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward one's country

Reign of Terror

the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed

Committee of Public Safety

Political body of the French Revolution that controlled France during the Reign of Terror.

Directory

constitutes the last stage of the French Revolution and precedes the coming of the Consulate, which, in turn, was followed by the First Empire.

Coup d'etat

Napoleon ended the Directory in

Consulate

Form of government which followed the directory -established by Napoleon-ended when Napoleon was crowned emperor.

Civil Code

Napoleonic Code; this code preserved most of the gains of the revolution by recognizing the principle of the equality of all citizens before the law, and ect.

Battle of Waterloo

June 15, 1815: Napoleon's final defeat against the British and Prussians.

Bourbon Monarchy

Monarchy contorlled by King Louis XVII

short term causes of the French revolution

1.Economic collapse, 2.Estates-General

long term causes of the French revolution

1.Division of society, 2.Poor harvest, 3.Food shortage, 4.Inflation, 5.unempolyment

Bourgeoisie

The middle class in France.

Four Stages of Revolution

Incubation stage, moderate stage, radical stage, recovery stage

Napoleonic Wars

a series of wars fought between France (led by Napoleon Bonaparte) and alliances involving England and Prussia and Russia and Austria at different times

Fall of Napoleon

Invasion of Russia, defeated at Battle of Waterloo and Leipzig, abdicated, and finally exiled

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