Respiratory Organisms

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Bordetella pertussis

Group: Bacteria
Shape: coccobacillus
Gram: negative
Diseases: whooping cough
Mode: airborne droplets
Prevention: immunization with vaccine
Treatment: antibiotics.

Corneybacterium diphtheriae

Group: bacteria
Shape: rod-shaped
Gram: positive
Diseases: diptheria
Mode: droplets, secretions, direct contact
Prevention: immunization
Treatment: antitoxin

Haemophilus influenzae

Group: Bacteria
Shape: rod-shaped
Gram: negative
Diseases: pneumonia, meningitis, ear/eye infections, sinusitis
Mode: droplets
Prevention: vaccines
Treatment: antibiotics

Hantavirus

Group: virus
Diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, hantavirus pulmonary system
Mode: rodent bites, using, saliva, or contact with rodents and waste products
Prevention: control of rats and mice
Treatment: runs its course

Histoplasma capsulatum

Group: fungus
Diseases: histoplasmosis
Mode: contaminated soil
Prevention: reduce exposure
Treatment: anti fungal medications

Influenza virus

Group: virus
Diseases: flu
Mode: cough, sneeze, direct contact
Prevention: vaccine, infection control
Treatment: antiviral drugs, rest, liquids

Legionella sp

Group: bacteria
Shape: rod-shaped
Gram: negative
Diseases: legionnaires disease, pontiac fever
Mode: breath in a mist of infected water
Prevention: make sure water is clean
Treatment: antibiotics

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Group: bacteria
Shape: rod-shaped
Gram: acid fast
Diseases: tuberculosis
Mode: droplets
Prevention: vaccine
Treatment: antibiotics

Mycoplasma pneumonia

Group: bacteria
shape: pleomorphic
Gram: negative
Diseases: pneumonia
Mode: droplets, contact
Prevention: hand hygiene, cover nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing
Treatment: antibiotics

Pneumocystis jiroveci

Group: fungus
Diseases: pneumonia
Mode: weak immune system
Prevention: preventative therapy
Treatment: antibiotics

Respiratory Syncytial virus

Group: virus
Diseases: RSV, bronchiolitis, pneumonia
Mode: droplets, contact
Prevention: handwashing, injection of RSV antibodies
Treatment: none

Rhinoviruses

Group: virus
Diseases: common cold
Mode: droplets, surfaces
Prevention: vaccine
Treatment: none

SARS associated coronavirus

Group: virus
Diseases: severe acute respiratory syndrome
Mode: direct contact with mucus, droplets
Prevention: hand hygiene, avoid direct contact
Treatment: none

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