Apologia Biology Module 6 Review for Test

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apologia biology study notes

egestion

the removal of non-soluble waste materials

excretion

the removal of soluble waste materials

secretion

the release of bio synthesized substances

layers of a plant cell

plasma membrane, secondary cell wall, primary cell wall

what is between two plant cells

middle lamella

digestion

the breakdown of absorbed substances

respiration

the breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy

absorption

the transport of dissolved substances into cells

biosynthesis

process of making useful substances

organelles involved in biosynthesis

ribosomes, rough and smooth ER, golgi body, nucleus, secretion vesicles, chloroplasts, leucoplasts

smooth ER makes

lipids

rough ER makes

proteins

anaerobic respiration is also called what

glycolysis

aerobic respiration occurs where

mitochondria

anaerobic respiration occurs where

cytoplasm

what part in cellular respiration produces the most energy

electron transport

how much energy does the electron transport make

32 ATPs

what does the plasma membrane do

keeps everything in its place

isotonic solution

solution where solutes inside and outside the cell equal

hypertonic solution

solution with more solutes in solution than in the cell

hypotonic solution

a solution in which the concentration of solutes is less than that of the cell that resides in the solution

cytolysis

hypo tonic-explodes

plasmolysis

hyper tonic-collapses

four stages in cellular respiration

glycolysis, formation of acetyl co-enzyme A, Krebb cycle, electron transport

how much energy does glycolysis produce

2 ATPs

how much energy does formation of acetyl co-enzyme A produce

0

how much energy does the Krebb cycle make

2 ATPs

what is used in cytoplasmic streaming

cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, ions

ion

imbalance of protons and electrons

activation energy

energy needed to activate glycolysis

phagocytosis

white blood cells engulf bacteria and get rid of dying cells and take in protein

what is the cytoskeleton made up of

microfilaments, microtubuoles, intermediate filaments, endoplasmic reticulum

power house of a cell

mitochondria

where is DNA found in a cell

in the nucleus and mitochondria

what organelled stores lipids and proteins

golgi body

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