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EDDA program

Goal of preventive dentistry

Help people of all ages attain optimal oral health throughout their lives

Two most common dental disease

Dental caries and periodontal disease

Partnership

Must be formed between the patient and the dental healthcare team to prevent dental disease

1st step to help patient

help patients understand what causes dental disease and how to prevent it

2nd step to help patient

is to motivate the patient to change their behaviors and become partners in recognizing and preventing dental disease in themselves and their families

Preventive dentistry program includes:

Patient education, use of fluorides, application of dental sealants, proper nutrition, plaque control program

Disclosing agent

coloring agent that makes plaque visible when applied to teeth

Dental sealant

plastic-like coating that covers the occlusal pits and fissures of teeth

Pontic

Artificial tooth that replaces a missing natural tooth

Systemic fluoride

Fluoride that is ingested and then circulated throughout the body. Excretes excess fluoride through skin, kidneys, and feces.

Topical fluoride

Fluoride that is applied directly to the tooth

Early childhood caries

Also know as "baby bottle tooth decay"

Since 1950's Fluoride

has been the primary weapon used to combat dental caries

Fluoride

"natures cavity fighter" is a mineral that occurs naturally in food and water

3 ways of fluoride therapy

1. prescription-strength fluorides that are applied in the dental office
2. nonprescription-strength, over the counter products for home use
3. consumption of fluoridated bottled water or community water

Fluorosis

chronic over-exposure to fluoride, even at low concentration in children younger that 6 years with developing teeth

Fluoride needs assessment

1.saves time by identifying risk factors
2.open communication between the dental professional and the patient
3. helps individualize patient fluoride therapies
4. allows the dentist to more accurately select the appropriate fluoride therapy

Dietary analysis

is performed to determine whether the patient's current food intake is affecting his or her dental health. It maintains patient's food diary eaten each day for 1 week

Dental floss

is circular in shape

Dental tape

is flat

when to floss

floss should be used before tooth brushing

End-Tuft Brushes

interdental brushes, made from nylon filaments formed into a narrow cone shape. useful for cleaning areas that are diffult to reach with a regular tooth brush

Bridge threaders

used to pass dental floss under the pontic(false tooth) of a fixed bridge

Automatic flosses

designed for patients who have difficulty manipulating dental floss. have one use, replaceable, thin rubber filament tips. Tip is inserted into the interproximal space.

Perio-Aid

handle with holes in the end designed to hold toothpicks. Especially useful in interproximal areas of gingival recession or after periodontal surgery.

Dentures

nonabrasive cleanser such as commercial denture cleanser, a mild soap, dish washing liquid, or a mild tooth paste should be used on the brush
*should be brushed with with short strokes

Toothpaste

(dentifrice) contains ingredients designed to remove food residue and includes abrasives to remove stain

Oral irrigation device

deliver a pulsating stream of water or chemical agent through a nozzle to the teeth and gingivae. helps to reduce bacterial levels in subgingival and interproximal areas

Tartar control toothpaste

may be useful for those individuals who accumulate excessive calculus between refular cleaning appointments

Modified Stillman's toothbrushing method

good coronal and interproximal cleaning, limited sulcural cleaning. The most frequently recommended.

Charters toothbrushing method

useful around orthodontic bands, fixed prostheses

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