United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo, example of "common man," partially literate (could only write his name), some thought he should run for president after killing 105 bears in a season...
Less radical than Jacksonian democracy, believed in the capability of EDUCATED common man, not everyone should have vote tho
The idea of spreading political power to all the people, thereby ensuring majority rule, technically more democratic than Jefferson, result was universal manhood suffrage,
The "average" American citizen, whose concerns are represented in government, political leaders of this time desperately try to appeal as one of them
Era of Jacksonian Democracy, where things were done for the people and democracy was more appealing to the masses than before, increased voter turnout
first state to give universal manhood suffrage
until 1820, presidential candidates were nominated by caucuses of the two parties in Congress, but in 1824, this idea was overthrown, considered shady business, done in secret
first party to have national nominating conventions, third party which attracted support from evangelical Protestants and were against secret societies
Jackson, Clay, Crawford, Adams
four towering figures of 1824 election, from Tennessee/Kentucky/Georgia/Massachusetts respectively, no one got the majority vote
most of votes but not majority (which is over 50), what Jackson got in 1824 so HOuse had to break vote
the amendment stating the House has to break vote between top 3 candidates, similar thing happened with Jefferson and Burr
In the election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House at the time, and he influenced Congress to elect Adams. Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State. never really proved but tarnished reputation
John Quincy Adams
considered first "minority" president, only served one term like his father, known as "Old Man Eloquent"
the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress, especially advocated in S. Carolina
South Carolina Exposition
written in secret by Calhoun who borrowed heavily from KY and VA resolutions, making then valid; widens rift between Calhoun and Jackson by a lot
Tariff of Abominations
tariff of 1828, also called the "Black Tariff" or the "Yankee Tariff," tried to embarrass Adams either way, raised it to 45% hoping it wouldn't pass, anger both sides, but amended version passed anyway, south saw itself once again as the victim
A freed mulatto who inspired a group of slaves to seize Charleston; South Carolina in 1822; but one of them betrayed him and he and his thirty-seven followers were hanged before the revolt started. very ominous event
John C. Calhoun
wrote the "South Carolina Exposition" that boldly cried for nullification of the tariff and called it unconstitutional, himself caught at crossroads for being a nationalist and southern sectionalist, known as the "great nullifier" slowly started to clash with Jackson and eventually resigned as VP
After the 1824 election, part of the Democratic - Republican party joined John Q. Adams, Clay, and Daniel Webster to oppose Andrew Jackson. They favored nationalistic measures like recharter of the Bank of the United States, high tariffs, and internal improvements at national expense. They were supported mainly by Northwesterners and were not very successful. They were conservatives alarmed by Jackson's radicalness; they joined with the Whigs in the 1830's.
Supported the political principals of Thomas Jefferson, who believed that ordinary citizens with proper education could govern themselves. Jackson's supporters
Revolution of 1828
Jackson's election showed shift of political power to "the common man" (1828), when the government changed hands from quincy adams to jackson
Old Hickory, originally from Carolinas then moved to Tennessee, true embodiment of the west, first president without a college education, used veto 12 times, supporters often called Hickoryites
Nickname for all the new participants in government that came with Jackson's presidency. This nickname was negative and proposed that Jackson believed in too much democracy, perhaps leading to anarchy
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power, revived by Jackson
"rotation in office"
Jackson's system of periodically replacing officeholders to allow ordinary citizens to play a more prominent role in government, not the spoils system
first man to steal a million dollars from the US, appointed by Jackson with the spoils system, collector of customs in NY
Martin Van Buren
known as "Matty" or the "Little Magician" really only competent Cabinet member of Jackson, secretary of state, heavily influenced by him, almost like puppet
Jackson's group of unofficial advisors consisting of newspaper editors and Democratic leaders that met to discuss current issues. Jackson used the Kitchen Cabinet more than his official Cabinet. real cabinet considered very mediocre
also known as Eaton malaria, John Eaton-Secretary of War, stayed with the Timberlakes when in Washington, and there were rumors of his affair with Peggy Timberlake, whom he later married, before her husband died in 1828. She was snubbed by the wives of Jackson's cabinet. The President wanted to help her because his wife had been the object of many rumors and tried to force the social acceptance of Peggy. This was called the "PETTICOAT WAR," which turned Jackson against Calhoun and dissolved the Cabinet. Calhoun resigned the vice presidency the next year and entered the Senate for South Carolina.
Peggy O'Neale wife of John Eaton who became the central cause of the Petticoat War.
was a bill that proposed building a road within Clay's Kentucky with federal capital. Jackson vetoed this, because he considered it unconstitutional, as it was only in Kentucky and not a part of interstate commerce. He also was against the bill because it was considered extravagant expenditures.
Originally from Georgia, Crawford ran in the 1824 election representing the south. He was forced to drop out of the race due to a stroke.
a senator from Massachusettes and the most powerful speaker of his time who was involved in the Webster-Hayne debate, created the idea of a Union worth fighting for
Robert Y. Hayne
The governor of South Carolina during the nullification crisis and called for a counterclaim to Jackson's opposition of the South Carolina stance, debated with Webster
argument by people to replace King Caucus, nomination should be more involving and democratic, use conventions and primaries
An agreement by two or more lawmakers to support each other's bills, must keep promise otherwise completely trash reputation, handshake deal
United States jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1891-1974) example of logrolling, gave weight of California vote to Eisenhower helped him win
Jackson's lust for power and control gained him this nickname among members of the Whig party